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Does Heterogeneity Exist in Treatment Associations With Renin–Angiotensin–System Inhibitors or Beta-blockers According to Phenotype Clusters in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction?

Uijl, A; Koudstaal, S; Stolfo, D; Dahlström, ULF; Vaartjes, I; Grobbee, RE; Asselbergs, FW; ... Savarese, G; + view all (2023) Does Heterogeneity Exist in Treatment Associations With Renin–Angiotensin–System Inhibitors or Beta-blockers According to Phenotype Clusters in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction? Journal of Cardiac Failure 10.1016/j.cardfail.2023.08.008. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: We explored the association between use of renin–angiotensin system inhibitors and beta-blockers, with mortality/morbidity in 5 previously identified clusters of patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed 20,980 patients with HFpEF from the Swedish HF registry, phenotyped into young–low comorbidity burden (12%), atrial fibrillation–hypertensive (32%), older–atrial fibrillation (24%), obese–diabetic (15%), and a cardiorenal cluster (17%). In Cox proportional hazard models with inverse probability weighting, there was no heterogeneity in the association between renin–angiotensin system inhibitor use and cluster membership for any of the outcomes: cardiovascular (CV) mortality, all-cause mortality, HF hospitalisation, CV hospitalisation, or non-CV hospitalisation. In contrast, we found a statistical interaction between beta-blocker use and cluster membership for all-cause mortality (P = .03) and non-CV hospitalisation (P = .001). In the young–low comorbidity burden and atrial fibrillation–hypertensive cluster, beta-blocker use was associated with statistically significant lower all-cause mortality and non-CV hospitalisation and in the obese–diabetic cluster beta-blocker use was only associated with a statistically significant lower non-CV hospitalisation. The interaction between beta-blocker use and cluster membership for all-cause mortality could potentially be driven by patients with improved EF. However, patient numbers were diminished when excluding those with improved EF and the direction of the associations remained similar. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HFpEF, the association with all-cause mortality and non-CV hospitalisation was heterogeneous across clusters for beta-blockers. It remains to be elucidated how heterogeneity in HFpEF could influence personalized medicine and future clinical trial design.

Type: Article
Title: Does Heterogeneity Exist in Treatment Associations With Renin–Angiotensin–System Inhibitors or Beta-blockers According to Phenotype Clusters in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction?
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2023.08.008
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cardfail.2023.08.008
Language: English
Additional information: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. under a Creative Commons license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Phenotype clusters, personalized medicine, HFpEF, renin–angiotensin system inhibitors, beta-blockers
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics > Clinical Epidemiology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10178312
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