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Influence of Inflammatory Cytokines IL-1β and IFNγ on Sarcoplasmic Aggregation of p62 and TDP-43 in Myotubes

McCord, Bryony; Day, Richard M; (2023) Influence of Inflammatory Cytokines IL-1β and IFNγ on Sarcoplasmic Aggregation of p62 and TDP-43 in Myotubes. Mediators of Inflammation , 2023 , Article ID 9018470. 10.1155/2023/9018470. Green open access

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Abstract

Skeletal muscle of patients with sporadic inclusion body myositis (sIBM) presents with inflammation, including upregulation of inflammatory cytokines such as interferon γ (IFNγ). Non-inflammatory features are also observed, like the sarcoplasmic accumulation of proteins including TDP-43 and p62. This study aimed to investigate the effect of IFNγ and interleukin 1-β (IL-1β) on TDP-43 and p62 aggregation in vitro. Primary human myotubes were treated with IL-1β (20 ng/mL) and IFNγ (750 ng/mL) separately or combined for 48 hr. Sarcoplasmic TDP-43 aggregates and p62 puncta were assessed using image analysis for size, frequency, and colocalization with each other. Total protein expression of TDP-43, p62 and LC3 was assessed using western blotting. The subcellular localization of TDP-43 was also analyzed using image analysis. Combined IL-1β and IFNγ treatment increased puncta size of p62 compared to control (0.49 ± 0.13 µm2 versus 0.28 ± 0.06 µm2), without affecting puncta frequency or p62 expression but with an increased LC3II/LC3I ratio, suggesting autophagic alterations. IL-1β or IFNγ did not alter p62 puncta size or frequency, suggesting a combined insult of multiple inflammatory mediators is necessary to cause p62 alterations. IL-1β increased p62 protein expression in an autophagy-independent manner. None of the cytokine treatments affected TDP-43 protein expression, size, or frequency of TDP-43 aggregates or localization, suggesting IL-1β and IFNγ may influence TDP-43 processing in human skeletal muscle cells. TDP-43 was localized to the sarcoplasm under control conditions, suggesting this may not be a pathological feature. Overall, sIBM-like TDP-43/p62 features were not triggered by IL-1β and/or IFNγ.

Type: Article
Title: Influence of Inflammatory Cytokines IL-1β and IFNγ on Sarcoplasmic Aggregation of p62 and TDP-43 in Myotubes
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1155/2023/9018470
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1155/2023/9018470
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2023 Bryony McCord and Richard M. Day. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Biology and Cancer Dept
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Experimental and Translational Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10176954
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