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Achieving conservation through cattle ranching: The case of the Brazilian Pantanal

Chiaravalloti, Rafael Morais; Tomas, Walfrido Morais; Akre, Tom; Morato, Ronaldo Gonçalves; Camilo, Andre Restel; Giordano, Anthony J; Leimgruber, Peter; (2023) Achieving conservation through cattle ranching: The case of the Brazilian Pantanal. Conservation Science and Practice 10.1111/csp2.13006. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Cattle ranching in the ~140,000 km2 Brazilian Pantanal is considered one of the most important cases of sustainable use of natural resources in the global south. The region has had a successful history of balancing environmental protection with the production of >3.8 million cattle. However, global change, infrastructure projects, and deforestation, threaten the sustainable use of the Pantanal. Here, using Ostrom's design principles as a framework, we interviewed 49 local stakeholders and conducted a review of secondary information aiming to evaluate the sustainability of cattle ranching practices across the region and the threats to it. We show that well-defined property boundaries, congruence between appropriation and provision rules through low-intensity cattle ranching, and co-management of resources, are all key components for achieving sustainability in the Pantanal. However, we documented shortcomings in satisfying critical aspects of Orstrom's design principles. Specifically, we argue that the Pantanal needs better biodiversity and behavior monitoring, the creation of platforms or mechanisms to solve local conflicts around resource access and use, recognition by governments and international bodies of the local efforts to promote local sustainability, and the creation of networks effectively connecting existing sustainability initiatives.

Type: Article
Title: Achieving conservation through cattle ranching: The case of the Brazilian Pantanal
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/csp2.13006
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.13006
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Conservation Science and Practice published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Society for Conservation Biology. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Sustainable cattle ranching; the Pantanal; wetlands; working landscapes
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Anthropology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10176396
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