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Performance on the iSTEP and 10 m-ISWT in boys with haemophilia

Bladen, Melanie; Alderson, Lucy; Thorpe, Nicola; Cortina-Borja, Mario; Main, Eleanor; (2023) Performance on the iSTEP and 10 m-ISWT in boys with haemophilia. Haemophilia 10.1111/hae.14833. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Boys with haemophilia (BwH) have improved health outcomes. Measures of physical function in haemophilia are not challenging or sensitive enough to reflect physical limitations or guide rehabilitation. To identify meaningful tests, we aimed to: evaluate the performance of BwH on two physical performance measures: iSTEP and 10 m-ISWT; identify factors which predict performance and compare BwH to their unaffected peers. METHODS: BwH completed both iSTEP and 10 m-ISWT. Disease severity, age, BMI, HJHS, lower limb muscle torque, time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity, sedentary time, were included as factors to predict performance. Results were compared to unaffected peers. RESULTS: 43 boys median age 10 (10 mild/moderate, 26 severe, 7 inhibitors) were recruited. BwH were less likely to complete the iSTEP and performed less well on the 10 m-ISWT than age matched peers. Ceiling effects were apparent for iSTEP, but not the 10 m-ISWT test. Age was the only significant predictor for performance in the iSTEP, with older boys being more likely to achieve a higher level or complete the test. Greater age, lower BMI, milder disease severity and more time spent in MVPA all predicted better performance on the 10 m-ISWT, with BMI and habitual physical activity a potential rehabilitation focus for underperforming individuals. HJHS and muscle strength did not predict performance on either test. CONCLUSION: Despite the space need to conduct the 10 m-ISWT, it appears to be a superior performance measure than the iSTEP in BwH and provides clinically meaningful information, which can be interpreted using age-specific normative reference equations.

Type: Article
Title: Performance on the iSTEP and 10 m-ISWT in boys with haemophilia
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/hae.14833
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/hae.14833
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made. © 2023 The Authors. Haemophilia published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Keywords: ISWT, accelerometry, child, exercise test, haemophilia, obesity
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Infection, Immunity and Inflammation Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10175554
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