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Inadequate Lopinavir Concentrations With Modified 8-hourly Lopinavir/Ritonavir 4:1 Dosing During Rifampicin-based Tuberculosis Treatment in Children Living With HIV

Chabala, Chishala; Turkova, Anna; Kapasa, Monica; LeBeau, Kristen; Tembo, Chimuka H; Zimba, Kevin; Weisner, Lubbe; ... SHINE trial team; + view all (2023) Inadequate Lopinavir Concentrations With Modified 8-hourly Lopinavir/Ritonavir 4:1 Dosing During Rifampicin-based Tuberculosis Treatment in Children Living With HIV. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal (PIDJ) 10.1097/INF.0000000000004047. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Background: Lopinavir/ritonavir plasma concentrations are profoundly reduced when co-administered with rifampicin. Super-boosting of lopinavir/ritonavir is limited by nonavailability of single-entity ritonavir, while double-dosing of co-formulated lopinavir/ritonavir given twice-daily produces suboptimal lopinavir concentrations in young children. We evaluated whether increased daily dosing with modified 8-hourly lopinavir/ritonavir 4:1 would maintain therapeutic plasma concentrations of lopinavir in children living with HIV receiving rifampicin-based antituberculosis treatment. // Methods: Children with HIV/tuberculosis coinfection weighing 3.0 to 19.9kg, on rifampicin-based antituberculosis treatment were commenced or switched to 8-hourly liquid lopinavir/ritonavir 4:1 with increased daily dosing using weight-band dosing approach. A standard twice-daily dosing of lopinavir/ritonavir was resumed 2 weeks after completing antituberculosis treatment. Plasma sampling was conducted during and 4 weeks after completing antituberculosis treatment. // Results: Of 20 children enrolled; 15, 1–7 years old, had pharmacokinetics sampling available for analysis. Lopinavir concentrations (median [range]) on 8-hourly lopinavir/ritonavir co-administered with rifampicin (n = 15; area under the curve0–24 55.32mg/h/L [0.30–398.7mg/h/L]; Cmax 3.04mg/L [0.03–18.6mg/L]; C8hr 0.90mg/L [0.01–13.7mg/L]) were lower than on standard dosing without rifampicin (n = 12; area under the curve24 121.63mg/h/L [2.56–487.3mg/h/L]; Cmax 9.45mg/L [0.39–26.4mg/L]; C12hr 3.03mg/L [0.01–17.7mg/L]). During and after rifampicin cotreatment, only 7 of 15 (44.7%) and 8 of 12 (66.7%) children, respectively, achieved targeted pre-dose lopinavir concentrations ≥1mg/L. // Conclusions: Modified 8-hourly dosing of lopinavir/ritonavir failed to achieve adequate lopinavir concentrations with concurrent antituberculosis treatment. The subtherapeutic lopinavir exposures on standard dosing after antituberculosis treatment are of concern and requires further evaluation.

Type: Article
Title: Inadequate Lopinavir Concentrations With Modified 8-hourly Lopinavir/Ritonavir 4:1 Dosing During Rifampicin-based Tuberculosis Treatment in Children Living With HIV
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1097/INF.0000000000004047
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000004047
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NCND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.
Keywords: HIV, lopinavir/ritonavir, pharmacokinetics, rifampicin, tuberculosis
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology > MRC Clinical Trials Unit at UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10174556
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