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Positional motif analysis reveals the extent of specificity of protein-RNA interactions observed by CLIP

Kuret, Klara; Amalietti, Aram Gustav; Jones, D Marc; Capitanchik, Charlotte; Ule, Jernej; (2022) Positional motif analysis reveals the extent of specificity of protein-RNA interactions observed by CLIP. Genome Biology , 23 , Article 191. 10.1186/s13059-022-02755-2. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: Crosslinking and immunoprecipitation (CLIP) is a method used to identify in vivo RNA–protein binding sites on a transcriptome-wide scale. With the increasing amounts of available data for RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), it is important to understand to what degree the enriched motifs specify the RNA-binding profiles of RBPs in cells. Results: We develop positionally enriched k-mer analysis (PEKA), a computational tool for efficient analysis of enriched motifs from individual CLIP datasets, which minimizes the impact of technical and regional genomic biases by internal data normalization. We cross-validate PEKA with mCross and show that the use of input control for background correction is not required to yield high specificity of enriched motifs. We identify motif classes with common enrichment patterns across eCLIP datasets and across RNA regions, while also observing variations in the specificity and the extent of motif enrichment across eCLIP datasets, between variant CLIP protocols, and between CLIP and in vitro binding data. Thereby, we gain insights into the contributions of technical and regional genomic biases to the enriched motifs, and find how motif enrichment features relate to the domain composition and low-complexity regions of the studied proteins. Conclusions: Our study provides insights into the overall contributions of regional binding preferences, protein domains, and low-complexity regions to the specificity of protein-RNA interactions, and shows the value of cross-motif and cross-RBP comparison for data interpretation. Our results are presented for exploratory analysis via an online platform in an RBP-centric and motif-centric manner (https://imaps.goodwright.com/apps/peka/).

Type: Article
Title: Positional motif analysis reveals the extent of specificity of protein-RNA interactions observed by CLIP
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s13059-022-02755-2
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13059-022-02755-2
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology, Genetics & Heredity, RNA-binding protein, Protein-RNA interaction, CLIP, k-mer, RNA-binding specificity, RNA motif, Low-complexity region, MESSENGER-RNAS, BINDING, TRANSCRIPTOME, DISCOVERY, SEQUENCE, ELEMENTS, SITES, SEQ
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10174363
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