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Functional neuroimaging of resilience to trauma: convergent evidence and challenges for future research

Norbury, Agnes; Seeley, Saren H; Perez-Rodriguez, M Mercedes; Feder, Adriana; (2023) Functional neuroimaging of resilience to trauma: convergent evidence and challenges for future research. Psychological Medicine , 53 (8) pp. 3293-3305. 10.1017/S0033291723001162. Green open access

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Abstract

Resilience is broadly defined as the ability to adapt successfully following stressful life events. Here, we review functional MRI studies that investigated key psychological factors that have been consistently linked to resilience to severe adversity and trauma exposure. These domains include emotion regulation (including cognitive reappraisal), reward responsivity, and cognitive control. Further, we briefly review functional imaging evidence related to emerging areas of study that may potentially facilitate resilience: namely social cognition, active coping, and successful fear extinction. Finally, we also touch upon ongoing issues in neuroimaging study design that will need to be addressed to enable us to harness insight from such studies to improve treatments for - or, ideally, guard against the development of - debilitating post-traumatic stress syndromes.

Type: Article
Title: Functional neuroimaging of resilience to trauma: convergent evidence and challenges for future research
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S0033291723001162
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291723001162
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
Keywords: fMRI, neuroimaging, resilience, trauma exposure
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Imaging Neuroscience
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10174334
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