UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Enhancing CAR T Cell Therapy Using Fab Based Constitutively Heterodimeric Cytokine Receptors

Righi, Matteo; Srivastava, Saket; Grothier, Thomas; Robson, Mathew; Kokalaki, Evangelia; Gannon, Isaac; Sillibourne, James; ... Pule, Martin; + view all (2022) Enhancing CAR T Cell Therapy Using Fab Based Constitutively Heterodimeric Cytokine Receptors. Cancer Immunology Research 10.1158/2326-6066.CIR-22-0640. (In press). Green open access

[thumbnail of cir-22-0640.pdf]
Preview
Text
cir-22-0640.pdf - Published Version

Download (7MB) | Preview

Abstract

Adoptive T-cell therapy aims to achieve lasting tumor clearance, requiring enhanced engraftment and survival of the immune cells. Cytokines are paramount modulators of T-cell survival and proliferation. Cytokine receptors signal via ligand-induced dimerization, and this principle has been hijacked utilizing non-native dimerization domains. A major limitation of current technologies resides in the absence of a module that recapitulates the natural cytokine receptor heterodimeric pairing. To circumvent this, we created a new engineered cytokine receptor able to constitutively recreate receptor-heterodimer utilizing the heterodimerization domain derived from the IgG1 antibody (dFab_CCR). We found that the signal delivered by the dFab_CCR-IL2 proficiently mimicked the cytokine receptor heterodimerization, with transcriptomic signatures like those obtained by activation of the native IL2 receptor. Moreover, we found that this dimerization structure was agnostic, efficiently activating signaling through four cytokine receptor families. Using a combination of in vivo and in vitro screening approaches, we characterized a library of 18 dFab_CCRs co-expressed with a clinically relevant solid tumor-specific GD2-specific CAR. Based on this characterization, we suggest that the co-expression of either the common β-chain GMCSF or the IL18 dFab_CCRs is optimal to improve CAR T-cell expansion, engraftment, and efficacy. Our results demonstrate how Fab dimerization is efficient and versatile in recapitulating a cytokine receptor heterodimerization signal. This module could be applied for the enhancement of adoptive T-cell therapies, as well as therapies based on other immune cell types. Furthermore, these results provide a choice of cytokine signal to incorporate with adoptive T-cell therapies.

Type: Article
Title: Enhancing CAR T Cell Therapy Using Fab Based Constitutively Heterodimeric Cytokine Receptors
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1158/2326-6066.CIR-22-0640
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1158/2326-6066.CIR-22-0640
Language: English
Additional information: © 2023 The Authors; Published by the American Association for Cancer Research This open access article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10174216
Downloads since deposit
23Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item