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Assessment of Mechanical/Chemical Properties and Cytotoxicity of Resin-Modified Glass Ionomer Cements Containing Sr/F-Bioactive Glass Nanoparticles and Methacrylate Functionalized Polyacids

Potiprapanpong, Wisitsin; Naruphontjirakul, Parichart; Khamsuk, Chutikarn; Channasanon, Somruethai; Toneluck, Arnit; Tanodekaew, Siriporn; Monmaturapoj, Naruporn; ... Panpisut, Piyaphong; + view all (2023) Assessment of Mechanical/Chemical Properties and Cytotoxicity of Resin-Modified Glass Ionomer Cements Containing Sr/F-Bioactive Glass Nanoparticles and Methacrylate Functionalized Polyacids. International Journal of Molecular Sciences , 24 (12) , Article 10231. 10.3390/ijms241210231. Green open access

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Abstract

This study prepared low-toxicity, elemental-releasing resin-modified glass ionomer cements (RMGICs). The effect of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA, 0 or 5 wt%) and Sr/F-bioactive glass nanoparticles (Sr/F-BGNPs, 5 or 10 wt%) on chemical/mechanical properties and cytotoxicity were examined. Commercial RMGIC (Vitrebond, VB) and calcium silicate cement (Theracal LC, TC) were used as comparisons. Adding HEMA and increasing Sr/F-BGNPs concentration decreased monomer conversion and enhanced elemental release but without significant effect on cytotoxicity. Rising Sr/F-BGNPs reduced the strength of the materials. The degree of monomer conversion of VB (96%) was much higher than that of the experimental RMGICs (21–51%) and TC (28%). The highest biaxial flexural strength of experimental materials (31 MPa) was significantly lower than VB (46 MPa) (p < 0.01) but higher than TC (24 MPa). The RMGICs with 5 wt% HEMA showed higher cumulative fluoride release (137 ppm) than VB (88 ppm) (p < 0.01). Unlike VB, all experimental RMGICs showed Ca, P, and Sr release. Cell viability in the presence of extracts from experimental RMGICs (89–98%) and TC (93%) was significantly higher than for VB (4%). Experimental RMGICs showed desirable physical/mechanical properties with lower toxicity than the commercial material.

Type: Article
Title: Assessment of Mechanical/Chemical Properties and Cytotoxicity of Resin-Modified Glass Ionomer Cements Containing Sr/F-Bioactive Glass Nanoparticles and Methacrylate Functionalized Polyacids
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/ijms241210231
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/ ijms241210231
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Resin-modified glass ionomer cement; flexural strength; polymerization; bioactive glass; calcium phosphates
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Biomaterials and Tissue Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10172585
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