UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Prognostication in Stargardt disease using Fundus Autofluorescence: Improving Patient Care

Varela, Malena Daich; Laich, Yannik; Hashem, Shaima Awadh; Mahroo, Omar A; Webster, Andrew R; Michaelides, Michel; (2023) Prognostication in Stargardt disease using Fundus Autofluorescence: Improving Patient Care. Ophthalmology 10.1016/j.ophtha.2023.06.010. (In press). Green open access

[thumbnail of Michaelides_Prognostication in Stargardt disease using Fundus Autofluorescence_Pre-proof.pdf]
Preview
PDF
Michaelides_Prognostication in Stargardt disease using Fundus Autofluorescence_Pre-proof.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

PURPOSE: To explore fundus autofluorescence (FAF) imaging as an alternative to electroretinogram (ERG), as a non-invasive, quick, and readily interpretable method to predict disease progression in Stargardt disease (STGD). DESIGN: Retrospective case series of patients who attended Moorfields Eye Hospital (London, UK). SUBJECTS: Patients with STGD who met the following criteria were included: (i) biallelic disease-causing variants in ABCA4, (ii) ERG testing performed inhouse with an unequivocal ERG group classification, and (iii) ultra-widefield (UWF) FAF imaging performed up to 2 years before or after the ERG. METHODS: Patients were divided into three ERG groups based on retinal function and three FAF groups according to the extent of the hypoautofluorescence and their retinal background appearance. FAF imaging of 30 and 55° were also subsequently reviewed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ERG/FAF concordance and its association with baseline visual acuity and genetics. RESULTS: 234 patients were included in the cohort. 170 patients (73%) had the same ERG and FAF group, 33 (14%) had a milder FAF than ERG group, and 31 (13%) had a more severe FAF than ERG group. Children under the age of 10 (n=23) had the lowest ERG/FAF concordance, 57% (9 out of the 10 with discordant ERG/FAF had milder FAF than ERG), and adults with adult onset had the highest (80%). Missense genotypes were more commonly seen in the mildest phenotypes. In 97% and 98% of the cases, respectively, 30° and 55° FAF imaging matched with the group defined by UWF FAF. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate that FAF imaging is an effective modality to determine the extent of retinal involvement and thereby inform prognostication, by comparing FAF to the current gold standard of ERG testing to determine retinal involvement and thereby prognosis. In 80% of patients in our large molecularly proven cohort we were able to predict if the disease was confined to the macula or also affected the peripheral retina. Children assessed at a young age, with at least one null variant, early disease onset, and/or poor initial VA may have wider retinal involvement than predicted by FAF alone and/or progress to a more severe FAF phenotype over time.

Type: Article
Title: Prognostication in Stargardt disease using Fundus Autofluorescence: Improving Patient Care
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2023.06.010
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2023.06.010
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Stargardt, autofluorescence, electroretinogram, genetics, inherited, retina
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10172447
Downloads since deposit
12Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item