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CERKL-associated retinal dystrophy: Genetics, Phenotype and Natural History

Daich Varela, Malena; Duignan, Emma S; De Silva, Samantha R; Ba-Abbad, Rola; Fujinami-Yokokawa, Yu; Leo, Shaun; Fujinami, Kaoru; ... Michaelides, Michel; + view all (2023) CERKL-associated retinal dystrophy: Genetics, Phenotype and Natural History. Ophthalmology Retina 10.1016/j.oret.2023.06.007. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To analyze the clinical characteristics, natural history, and genetics of CERKL-associated retinal dystrophy in the largest series to date. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: 47 patients (37 families) with likely disease-causing CERKL variants METHODS: Review of clinical notes, ophthalmic images, and molecular diagnosis from two international centres. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Visual function, retinal imaging and characteristics were evaluated and correlated. RESULTS: The mean age at the first visit was 29.6 + 13.9 years and the mean follow-up time was 9.1 + 7.4 years. The most frequent initial symptom was central vision loss (40%) and the most common retinal feature was well-demarcated areas of macular atrophy (57%). Seventy percent of the participants had double-null genotypes and 64% had electrophysiological assessment. Amongst the latter, 53% showed similar severity of rod and cone dysfunction, 27% revealed a rod-cone, 10% a cone-rod, and 10% a macular dystrophy dysfunction pattern. Patients without double-null genotypes tended to have fewer pigment deposits and included a higher proportion of older patients with a relatively mild electrophysiological phenotype. Longitudinal analysis showed that over half of the cohort lost 15 ETDRS letters or more in at least one eye during the first 5 years of follow up. CONCLUSIONS: The phenotype of CERKL-retinal dystrophy is broad, encompassing isolated macular disease to severe retina-wide involvement, with a range of functional phenotypes, generally not fitting in the rod-cone/cone-rod dichotomy. Disease onset is often earlier, with more severe retinal degenerative changes and photoreceptor dysfunction, in nullizygous cases.

Type: Article
Title: CERKL-associated retinal dystrophy: Genetics, Phenotype and Natural History
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.oret.2023.06.007
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oret.2023.06.007
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10172446
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