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The correlation between middle schoolchildren allergic symptoms and airborne particle season: A cross-sectional study

Al-Nesf, MA; Gharbi, D; Mobayed, HM; Mohammed Ali, R; Dason, BR; Adeli, M; Tuffaha, A; ... Del Mar Trigo, M; + view all (2022) The correlation between middle schoolchildren allergic symptoms and airborne particle season: A cross-sectional study. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery , 101 (17) , Article e29210. 10.1097/MD.0000000000029210. Green open access

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Abstract

Limited studies correlate allergic symptoms and associated outdoor biological particle exposure among schoolchildren globally.This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the seasonality of symptoms of allergic diseases among middle schoolchildren and the annual variation of airborne pollen and fungal spore in a hot and humid geographical region (Qatar).During November 2017 to January 2018, a self-reported study of middle schoolchildren living in the Doha capital city of Qatar was conducted, and data gathered were evaluated in relation to the collected monthly pollen and fungal spores. Participants' data were collected by conducting a survey based on a modified questionnaire adopted from the International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood (ISAAC). The airborne pollen and fungal spore in Doha's atmosphere were extracted from the Doha aerobiology project (2017-2020).Among the 1000 distributed questionnaires, 100 were excluded due to significant missing data and 644 middle schoolchildren living in Doha city responded and were included in the final analysis. The symptoms of allergic rhinitis (AR) pattern among the responders with positive symptoms were strongly linked with the higher airborne fungal spore incidence during the month of November. Out of 331 students with positive symptoms, the prevalence of AR, lifetime wheeze, and eczema was 62.8%, 28.1%, and 26.6%, respectively. Asthma was significantly higher in Qatari (39.8%) compared to non-Qatari (26.7%) middle schoolchildren (P = .02).Outdoor aeroallergen may be a contributing factor in addition to other environmental and genetic predisposing factors for childhood atopic diseases in the prevalence rate of allergic symptoms among middle schoolchildren in the peninsula of Qatar.

Type: Article
Title: The correlation between middle schoolchildren allergic symptoms and airborne particle season: A cross-sectional study
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000029210
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000029210
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2022 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License 4.0 (CCBY-NC), where it is permissible to download, share, remix, transform, and buildup the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be used commercially without permission from the journal.
Keywords: Asthma, Child, Cross-Sectional Studies, Eczema, Humans, Prevalence, Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasons, Surveys and Questionnaires
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10172374
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