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A randomized comparison of retrograde left-sided versus anterograde right-sided ablation of the atrioventricular junction

Dulai, R; Sulke, N; Furniss, SS; Malaweera, A; Lambiase, PD; Patel, N; Veasey, RA; (2023) A randomized comparison of retrograde left-sided versus anterograde right-sided ablation of the atrioventricular junction. Clinical Cardiology 10.1002/clc.24038. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Background: Catheter ablation of the atrioventricular node (AVN) is an effective treatment for patients with symptomatic atrial fibrillation. This study compares the success rate, procedure time, radiation time, and complication rates of retrograde left-sided (LSA) and anterograde right-sided (RSA) AVN ablation in a randomised controlled trial. / Methods: Thirty-one patients undergoing AVN ablation were randomized to either LSA (15 patients) or RSA (16 patients). Crossover occurred after six unsuccessful radiofrequency (RF) applications. / Results: The LSA cohort had a mean age of 77.00 ± 5.17 and the RSA cohort was 79.44 ± 6.08 (p =.0240). There were five crossovers from LSA to RSA and there was one crossover from RSA to LSA. There was no significant difference in ablation time between LSA and RSA (210.40 ± 179.77 vs. 192.19 ± 130.29 seconds, p =.748). There was no significant difference in procedure time, fluoroscopy time, radiation dose, or number of RF applications between the two groups. There was 1 (6.67%) serious adverse event in the LSA group and 1 (6.25%) in the RSA group due to femoral hematomas requiring blood transfusion or intervention. There was no significant difference in patient-reported discomfort between LSA and RSA (16.43 ± 20.67 vs. 17.87 ± 28.08, p =.877). The study was stopped before full recruitment due to futility. / Conclusions: Retrograde LSA of the AVN does not reduce RF applications, procedure time, or radiation exposure compared with conventional RSA and cannot be recommended as a first-line clinical approach.

Type: Article
Title: A randomized comparison of retrograde left-sided versus anterograde right-sided ablation of the atrioventricular junction
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/clc.24038
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/clc.24038
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Clinical Cardiology published by Wiley Periodicals, LLC. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: atrial fibrillation, atrioventricular node, left-sided AV node ablation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10172252
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