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Subclassification of epithelioid sarcoma with potential therapeutic impact

Haefliger, Simon; Chervova, Olga; Davies, Christopher; Nottley, Steven; Hargreaves, Steven; Sumathi, Vaiyapuri P; Amary, Fernanda; ... Lyskjaer, Iben; + view all (2023) Subclassification of epithelioid sarcoma with potential therapeutic impact. The Journal of Pathology 10.1002/path.6135. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Epithelioid sarcoma is a rare and aggressive mesenchymal tumour, the genetic hallmark of which is the loss of expression of SMARCB1, a key member of the SWItch/Sucrose Non-Fermentable (SWI/SNF) chromatin remodelling complex. Hampered by its rarity, epithelioid sarcoma has received little research attention and therapeutic options for this disease remain limited. SMARCB1-deficient tumours also include malignant rhabdoid tumour, atypical teratoid and rhabdoid tumour, epithelioid malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour, and poorly differentiated chordoma. Histologically, it can be challenging to distinguish epithelioid sarcoma from malignant rhabdoid tumour and other SMARCB1-deficient tumours, whereas methylation profiling shows that they represent distinct entities and facilitates their classification. Methylation studies on SMARCB1-deficient tumours, although not including epithelioid sarcomas, reported methylation subgroups which resulted in new clinical stratification and therapeutic approaches. In addition, emerging evidence indicates that immunotherapy, including immune checkpoint inhibitors, represents a promising therapeutic strategy for SMARCB1-deficient tumours. Here, we show that some epithelioid sarcomas share methylation patterns of malignant rhabdoid tumours indicating that this could help to distinguish these entities and guide treatment. Using gene expression data, we also showed that the immune environment of epithelioid sarcoma is characterised by a predominance of CD8+ lymphocytes and M2 macrophages. These findings have potential implications for the management of patients with epithelioid sarcoma. © 2023 The Authors. The Journal of Pathology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland.

Type: Article
Title: Subclassification of epithelioid sarcoma with potential therapeutic impact
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/path.6135
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/path.6135
Language: English
Additional information: © 2023 The Authors. The Journal of Pathology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: DNA methylation profile, SMARCB1, SMARCB1-deficient tumours, epithelioid sarcoma, immune cell deconvolution
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Cancer Bio
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Pathology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10172200
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