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Incident cardiovascular events and imaging phenotypes in UK Biobank participants with past cancer

Raisi-Estabragh, Zahra; Cooper, Jackie; McCracken, Celeste; Crosbie, Emma J; Walter, Fiona M; Manisty, Charlotte H; Robson, John; ... Petersen, Steffen E; + view all (2023) Incident cardiovascular events and imaging phenotypes in UK Biobank participants with past cancer. Heart 10.1136/heartjnl-2022-321888. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate incident cardiovascular outcomes and imaging phenotypes in UK Biobank participants with previous cancer. METHODS: Cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) diagnoses were ascertained using health record linkage. Participants with cancer history (breast, lung, prostate, colorectal, uterus, haematological) were propensity matched on vascular risk factors to non-cancer controls. Competing risk regression was used to calculate subdistribution HRs (SHRs) for associations of cancer history with incident CVD (ischaemic heart disease (IHD), non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy (NICM), heart failure (HF), atrial fibrillation/flutter, stroke, pericarditis, venous thromboembolism (VTE)) and mortality outcomes (any CVD, IHD, HF/NICM, stroke, hypertensive disease) over 11.8±1.7 years of prospective follow-up. Linear regression was used to assess associations of cancer history with left ventricular (LV) and left atrial metrics. RESULTS: We studied 18 714 participants (67% women, age: 62 (IQR: 57–66) years, 97% white ethnicities) with cancer history, including 1354 individuals with cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Participants with cancer had high burden of vascular risk factors and prevalent CVDs. Haematological cancer was associated with increased risk of all incident CVDs considered (SHRs: 1.92–3.56), larger chamber volumes, lower ejection fractions, and poorer LV strain. Breast cancer was associated with increased risk of selected CVDs (NICM, HF, pericarditis and VTE; SHRs: 1.34–2.03), HF/NICM death, hypertensive disease death, lower LV ejection fraction, and lower LV global function index. Lung cancer was associated with increased risk of pericarditis, HF, and CVD death. Prostate cancer was linked to increased VTE risk. CONCLUSIONS: Cancer history is linked to increased risk of incident CVDs and adverse cardiac remodelling independent of shared vascular risk factors.

Type: Article
Title: Incident cardiovascular events and imaging phenotypes in UK Biobank participants with past cancer
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/heartjnl-2022-321888
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2022-321888
Language: English
Additional information: This is an open access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to copy, redistribute, remix, transform and build upon this work for any purpose, provided the original work is properly cited, a link to the licence is given, and indication of whether changes were made. See: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10171364
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