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Intracranial Pressure Monitoring in Cerebrospinal Fluid Dynamics Disturbances

D'Antona, Linda; (2023) Intracranial Pressure Monitoring in Cerebrospinal Fluid Dynamics Disturbances. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

There are numerous gaps in the knowledge of Intracranial Pressure (ICP) physiology and Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) dynamics. This PhD answers some of the research questions posed by these gaps, through the use of invasive ICP monitoring in patients with suspected CSF dynamics disturbances. Research on CSF dynamics disturbances has mainly focused on conditions that cause high ICP, whilst only sparse attention has been centred on low CSF pressure/volume states. Chapter 3 and chapter 4 of this thesis are focused on Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension (SIH). Chapter 3 is a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of the clinical presentation, investigation findings and treatment outcomes of this disease. Chapter 4 is an observational study that investigated the utility of invasive ICP monitoring when there is diagnostic uncertainty for SIH. This study demonstrates that, in selected cases, ICP monitoring can be useful and confirm a low-pressure state in 8% of the patients and identify a paradoxical clinical presentation with an underlying high-pressure state in 16% of the patients. Chapters 5 and 6 provide evidence on the way that ICP and brain compliance respond to external variables, such as changes in posture and shunt setting adjustments. Chapter 5 is a retrospective observational study that describes the changes of ICP and pulse amplitude with different postures. Chapter 6 is a retrospective observational study investigating the effect of valve setting adjustments on ICP. This study demonstrates that paradoxical changes in ICP following differential pressure valves setting changes can occur. Chapters 7 and 8 investigate the possibility of replacing invasive ICP monitoring with non-invasive biomarkers of raised ICP. Chapter 7 demonstrated the association between higher ICP measurements and the absence of spontaneous retinal venous pulsations detected with infrared video recordings. Chapter 8 demonstrates the utility of integrating ophthalmic and imaging biomarkers to predict raised ICP.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Intracranial Pressure Monitoring in Cerebrospinal Fluid Dynamics Disturbances
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author 2023. Original content in this thesis is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). Any third-party copyright material present remains the property of its respective owner(s) and is licensed under its existing terms. Access may initially be restricted at the author’s request.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10170845
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