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Current and Future Advances in Surgical Therapy for Pituitary Adenoma

Khan, Danyal Z; Hanrahan, John G; Baldeweg, Stephanie E; Dorward, Neil L; Stoyanov, Danail; Marcus, Hani J; (2023) Current and Future Advances in Surgical Therapy for Pituitary Adenoma. Endocrine Reviews 10.1210/endrev/bnad014. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

The vital physiological role of the pituitary gland, alongside its proximal critical neurovascular structures means pituitary adenomas cause significant morbidity or mortality. Whilst enormous advancements have been made in the surgical care of pituitary adenomas, treatment failure and recurrence remain challenges. To meet these clinical challenges, there has been an enormous expansion of novel medical technologies (e.g. endoscopy, advanced imaging, artificial intelligence). These innovations have the potential to benefit each step of the patient journey, and ultimately, drive improved outcomes. Earlier and more accurate diagnosis addresses this in part. Analysis of novel patient data sets, such as automated facial analysis or natural language processing of medical records holds potential in achieving an earlier diagnosis. After diagnosis, treatment decision-making and planning will benefit from radiomics and multimodal machine learning models. Surgical safety and effectiveness will be transformed by smart simulation methods for trainees. Next-generation imaging techniques and augmented reality will enhance surgical planning and intraoperative navigation. Similarly, the future armamentarium of pituitary surgeons, including advanced optical devices, smart instruments and surgical robotics, will augment the surgeon's abilities. Intraoperative support to team members will benefit from a surgical data science approach, utilising machine learning analysis of operative videos to improve patient safety and orientate team members to a common workflow. Postoperatively, early detection of individuals at risk of complications and prediction of treatment failure through neural networks of multimodal datasets will support earlier intervention, safer hospital discharge, guide follow-up and adjuvant treatment decisions. Whilst advancements in pituitary surgery hold promise to enhance the quality of care, clinicians must be the gatekeepers of technological translation, ensuring systematic assessment of risk and benefit. In doing so, the synergy between these innovations can be leveraged to drive improved outcomes for patients of the future.

Type: Article
Title: Current and Future Advances in Surgical Therapy for Pituitary Adenoma
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1210/endrev/bnad014
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1210/endrev/bnad014
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Pituitary adenoma, artificial intelligence, augmented reality, digital health, robotics, transsphenoidal
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10170575
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