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Slow solar wind sources

Barczynski, Krzysztof; Harra, Louise; Schwanitz, Conrad; Janitzek, Nils; Berghmans, David; Auchère, Frédéric; Aznar Cuadrado, Regina; ... Zhukov, Andrei N; + view all (2023) Slow solar wind sources. Astronomy & Astrophysics , 673 , Article A74. 10.1051/0004-6361/202345983. Green open access

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Abstract

Context. The origin of the slow solar wind is still an open issue. One possibility that has been suggested is that upflows at the edge of an active region can contribute to the slow solar wind. Aims. We aim to explain how the plasma upflows are generated, which mechanisms are responsible for them, and what the upflow region topology looks like. Methods. We investigated an upflow region using imaging data with the unprecedented temporal (3 s) and spatial (2 pixels = 236 km) resolution that were obtained on 30 March 2022 with the 174 Å channel of the Extreme-Ultraviolet Imager (EUI)/High Resolution Imager (HRI) on board Solar Orbiter. During this time, the EUI and Earth-orbiting satellites (Solar Dynamics Observatory, Hinode, and the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph, IRIS) were located in quadrature (∼92°), which provides a stereoscopic view with high resolution. We used the Hinode/EIS (Fe XII) spectroscopic data to find coronal upflow regions in the active region. The IRIS slit-jaw imager provides a high-resolution view of the transition region and chromosphere. Results. For the first time, we have data that provide a quadrature view of a coronal upflow region with high spatial resolution. We found extended loops rooted in a coronal upflow region. Plasma upflows at the footpoints of extended loops determined spectroscopically through the Doppler shift are similar to the apparent upward motions seen through imaging in quadrature. The dynamics of small-scale structures in the upflow region can be used to identify two mechanisms of the plasma upflow: Mechanism I is reconnection of the hot coronal loops with open magnetic field lines in the solar corona, and mechanism II is reconnection of the small chromospheric loops with open magnetic field lines in the chromosphere or transition region. We identified the locations in which mechanisms I and II work.

Type: Article
Title: Slow solar wind sources
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202345983
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/202345983
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Sun: atmosphere, solar wind, methods: observational, techniques: spectroscopic
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Space and Climate Physics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10170014
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