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Hydrogels for Oral Tissue Engineering: Challenges and Opportunities

Chen, Anfu; Deng, Shuhua; Lai, Jindi; Li, Jing; Chen, Weijia; Varma, Swastina Nath; Zhang, Jingjing; ... Huang, Lijia; + view all (2023) Hydrogels for Oral Tissue Engineering: Challenges and Opportunities. Molecules , 28 (9) , Article 3946. 10.3390/molecules28093946. Green open access

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Abstract

Oral health is crucial to daily life, yet many people worldwide suffer from oral diseases. With the development of oral tissue engineering, there is a growing demand for dental biomaterials. Addressing oral diseases often requires a two-fold approach: fighting bacterial infections and promoting tissue growth. Hydrogels are promising tissue engineering biomaterials that show great potential for oral tissue regeneration and drug delivery. In this review, we present a classification of hydrogels commonly used in dental research, including natural and synthetic hydrogels. Furthermore, recent applications of these hydrogels in endodontic restorations, periodontal tissues, mandibular and oral soft tissue restorations, and related clinical studies are also discussed, including various antimicrobial and tissue growth promotion strategies used in the dental applications of hydrogels. While hydrogels have been increasingly studied in oral tissue engineering, there are still some challenges that need to be addressed for satisfactory clinical outcomes. This paper summarizes the current issues in the abovementioned application areas and discusses possible future developments.

Type: Article
Title: Hydrogels for Oral Tissue Engineering: Challenges and Opportunities
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/molecules28093946
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules28093946
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright: © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).
Keywords: tissue engineering; hydrogels; dental pulp; periodontium; mandible
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10169998
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