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Clinical and Subjective Oral Health Status of Care Home Residents in Europe: A Systematic Review

Janssens, Lynn; Petrauskiene, Egle; Tsakos, Georgios; Janssens, Barbara; (2023) Clinical and Subjective Oral Health Status of Care Home Residents in Europe: A Systematic Review. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association , 24 (7) 1013-1019.e40. 10.1016/j.jamda.2023.03.021. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Several studies demonstrated the poor oral health of care home residents in Europe but there is no systematic overview of the relevant literature. The objective of this study was to systematically review the evidence on the clinical and subjective oral health outcomes of care home residents in Europe. DESIGN: The study design is a systematic review. METHODS AND PARTICIPANTS: All included publications presented data on clinical and/or subjective oral health outcomes in care home residents in Europe with no restrictions for language or study design. MEDLINE, Embase, and CINAHL were searched, including publications from January 2010 onward. Data extraction and quality assessment (Qualsyst tool) was performed by 2 researchers independently. Findings were synthesized narratively, lack in data homogeneity restricted the relevance of a meta-analysis. RESULTS: Eighty-three papers from 18 countries were included in the systematic review, with a sample size ranging from 39 to 92,827 participants. Their mean age was older than 80 years. The residents had few natural teeth, with fewer than a third a functional natural dentition. Removable dentures were present in half to 80% of residents. A high prevalence of dental caries was reported. Oral hygiene was insufficient, for both natural teeth and removable dentures. Few residents had a healthy periodontium. Clinical treatment needs were found in most residents. Perceived treatment needs were high with at least one-third of care home residents reporting a need for care due to poor oral health. A fifth to half of the residents reported negative impacts of their oral condition on their everyday lives. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: This systematic review clearly highlights the poor oral health and high burden of oral conditions among care home residents across Europe, irrespective of country or health care system. There is need for substantial policy actions to improve oral health in care homes.

Type: Article
Title: Clinical and Subjective Oral Health Status of Care Home Residents in Europe: A Systematic Review
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2023.03.021
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2023.03.021
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
Keywords: care home residents, Oral health, systematic review
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10169968
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