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Investigating the linkage between mesopic spatial summation and variations in retinal ganglion cell density across the central visual field

Hunter, Aoife ML; Anderson, Roger S; Redmond, Tony; Garway-Heath, David F; Mulholland, Pádraig J; (2023) Investigating the linkage between mesopic spatial summation and variations in retinal ganglion cell density across the central visual field. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics 10.1111/opo.13158. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: The relationship between perimetric stimulus area and Ricco's area (RA) determines measured thresholds and the sensitivity of perimetry to retinal disease. The nature of this relationship, in addition to effect of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) number on this, is currently unknown for the adaptation conditions of mesopic microperimetry. In this study, achromatic mesopic spatial summation was measured across the central visual field to estimate RA with the number of RGCs underlying RA also being established. METHODS: Achromatic luminance thresholds were measured for six incremental spot stimuli (0.009-2.07 deg2 ) and 190.4 ms duration, at four locations, each at 2.5°, 5° and 10° eccentricity in five healthy observers (mean age 61.4 years) under mesopic conditions (background 1.58 cd/m2 ). RA was estimated using two-phase regression analysis with the number of RGCs underlying RA being calculated using normative histological RGC counts. RESULTS: Ricco's area exhibited a small but statistically insignificant increase between 2.5° and 10° eccentricity. Compared with photopic conditions, RA was larger, with the difference between RA and the Goldmann III stimulus (0.43°) being minimised. RGC number underlying RA was also higher than reported for photopic conditions (median 70 cells, IQR 36-93), with no significant difference being observed across test locations. CONCLUSIONS: Ricco's area and the number of RGCs underlying RA do not vary significantly across the central visual field in mesopic conditions. However, RA is larger and more similar to the standard perimetric Goldmann III stimulus under mesopic compared with photopic adaptation conditions. Further work is required to determine if compensatory enlargements in RA occur in age-related macular degeneration, to establish the optimal stimulus parameters for AMD-specific microperimetry.

Type: Article
Title: Investigating the linkage between mesopic spatial summation and variations in retinal ganglion cell density across the central visual field
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/opo.13158
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/opo.13158
Language: English
Additional information: © 2023 The Authors. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of College of Optometrists. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Ricco's area, hill-of-vision, mesopic, microperimetry, partial summation, perimetry, spatial summation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10169570
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