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Co-designing opportunities for Human-Centred Machine Learning in supporting Type 1 diabetes decision-making

Stawarz, Katarzyna; Katz, Dmitri; Ayobi, Amid; Marshall, Paul; Yamagata, Taku; Santos-Rodriguez, Raul; Flach, Peter; (2023) Co-designing opportunities for Human-Centred Machine Learning in supporting Type 1 diabetes decision-making. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies , 173 , Article 103003. 10.1016/j.ijhcs.2023.103003. Green open access

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Abstract

Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) self-management requires hundreds of daily decisions. Diabetes technologies that use machine learning have significant potential to simplify this process and provide better decision support, but often rely on cumbersome data logging and cognitively demanding reflection on collected data. We set out to use co-design to identify opportunities for machine learning to support diabetes self-management in everyday settings. However, over nine months of interviews and design workshops with 15 people with T1D, we had to re-assess our assumptions about user needs. Our participants reported confidence in their personal knowledge and rejected machine learning based decision support when coping with routine situations, but highlighted the need for technological support in the context of unfamiliar or unexpected situations (holidays, illness, etc.). However, these are the situations where prior data are often lacking and drawing data-driven conclusions is challenging. Reflecting this challenge, we provide suggestions on how machine learning and other artificial intelligence approaches, e.g., expert systems, could enable decision-making support in both routine and unexpected situations.

Type: Article
Title: Co-designing opportunities for Human-Centred Machine Learning in supporting Type 1 diabetes decision-making
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhcs.2023.103003
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhcs.2023.103003
Language: English
Additional information: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. under a Creative Commons license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Diabetes, Health, Qualitative research, Machine learning, Decision support, Artificial intelligence
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10169454
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