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Incidence and risk factors of late right heart failure in chronic mechanical circulatory support

Felix, SEA; Numan, L; Oerlemans, MIF; Aarts, E; Ramjankhan, FZ; Gianoli, M; Asselbergs, FW; ... Van Laake, LW; + view all (2023) Incidence and risk factors of late right heart failure in chronic mechanical circulatory support. Artificial Organs 10.1111/aor.14537. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Late right heart failure (LRHF) is a common complication during long-term left ventricular assist device (LVAD) support. We aimed to identify risk factors for LRHF after LVAD implantation. METHODS: Patients undergoing primary LVAD implantation between 2006 and 2019 and surviving the perioperative period were included for this study (n = 261). Univariate Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to assess the association of clinical covariates and LRHF, stratified for device type. Variables with p < 0.10 entered the multivariable model. In a subset of patients with complete echocardiography or right catheterization data, this multivariable model was extended. Postoperative cardiopulmonary exercise test data were compared in patients with and without LRHF. RESULTS: Nineteen percentage of patients suffered from LRHF after a median of 12 months, of which 67% required hospitalization. A history of atrial fibrillation (AF) (HR: 2.06 [1.08–3.93], p = 0.029), a higher preoperative body mass index (BMI) (HR: 1.07 [1.01–1.13], p = 0.023), and intensive care unit (ICU) duration (HR: 1.03 [1.00–1.06], p = 0.025) were independent predictors of LHRF in the multivariable model. A significant relation between the severity of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and LRHF (HR: 1.91 [1.13–3.21], p = 0.016) was found in patients with echocardiographic data. Patients with LRHF demonstrated a lower maximal workload and peak VO2 at 6 months postoperatively. CONCLUSION: A history of AF, BMI, and longer ICU stay may help identify patients at high risk for LRHF. Severity of TR was significantly related to LRHF in a subset of patients

Type: Article
Title: Incidence and risk factors of late right heart failure in chronic mechanical circulatory support
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/aor.14537
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/aor.14537
Language: English
Additional information: © 2023 The Authors. Artificial Organs published by International Center for Artificial Organ and Transplantation (ICAOT) and Wiley Periodicals LLC. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Keywords: Late right heart failure, left ventricular assist device, mechanical circulatory support, risk factor
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics > Clinical Epidemiology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10169321
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