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Future global conflict risk hotspots between biodiversity conservation and food security: 10 countries and 7 Biodiversity Hotspots

Zhao, Jianqiao; Cao, Yue; Yu, Le; Liu, Xiaoping; Yang, Rui; Gong, Peng; (2022) Future global conflict risk hotspots between biodiversity conservation and food security: 10 countries and 7 Biodiversity Hotspots. Global Ecology and Conservation , 34 , Article e02036. 10.1016/j.gecco.2022.e02036. Green open access

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Abstract

Balancing biodiversity conservation and food security is the key to global sustainable development. However, we know little about the future global conflict risk hotspots between biodiversity and food security at both country and Biodiversity Hotspots (BHs) levels. First we calculated land use intensity index (LUII) based on future land use simulation, incorporated data on species richness(including birds, mammals and amphibians) and introduced the Global Food Security Index (GFSI). Then we used local indicators of spatial association (LISA) and bivariate choropleth map to identify the future global conflict risk hotspots between biodiversity conservation and food security. These include 10 countries (including Congo (Kinshasa), Sierra Leone, Malawi, Togo, Zambia, Angola, Guinea, Nigeria, Laos, Cambodia) and 7 BHs (Eastern Afromontane, Guinean Forests of West Africa, Horn of Africa, Indo-Burma, Mediterranean Basin, Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany and Tropical Andes). Special attention needs to be paid to these hotspots to balance biodiversity conservation and food security.

Type: Article
Title: Future global conflict risk hotspots between biodiversity conservation and food security: 10 countries and 7 Biodiversity Hotspots
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.gecco.2022.e02036
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2022.e02036
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: Biodiversity conservation, Food security, Sustainable development, Protected areas, Land use and land cover change
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Genetics, Evolution and Environment
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10169062
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