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Is tumour thickness measurement required for MOLES scoring of melanocytic choroidal tumours?

Ching, Jared; AlHarby, Lamis; Sagoo, Mandeep S; Damato, Bertil; (2023) Is tumour thickness measurement required for MOLES scoring of melanocytic choroidal tumours? Ocular Oncology and Pathology 10.1159/000529862. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

Introduction: It can be challenging to distinguish between choroidal naevi and melanomas in the community setting, particularly without access to ultrasonography, required to measure the thickness of melanocytic choroidal tumours. We aimed to determine whether thickness measurement is required for MOLES scoring of melanocytic choroidal tumours. Methods: The dataset of a recent MOLES evaluation was reviewed. Patients were selected for the present study if their MOLES tumour size category was determined by tumour thickness measured with ultrasonography (US). The largest basal tumour diameter and tumour thickness were then measured from ultra-widefield fundus images and optical coherence tomography (OCT) images, respectively. Results: The tumour size category was determined by tumour diameter in 203/222 (91.4%) with no influence of tumour thickness. The tumour thickness influenced the MOLES score in 19/222 (8.6%) patients. In 11/19 patients with OCT measurements of tumour thickness, the US measurement exceeded the OCT by more than 25% in 5 patients, more than 50% in 2 patients and more than 75% in 1 patient. As a result, the revised tumour thickness based on OCT determined the size category in 4/216 (1.8%) patients. The Optos measurements increased the diameter score by 1 in 5 patients. As a result, the revised tumour thickness determined the size category in 4/216 (1.8%) patients. If both the revised diameter and thickness scores were considered, the MOLES score reduced in 4 patients. If both the diameter and thickness scores were considered, the MOLES score reduced in 5 and increased in 1. Only 0.94% (2/211) of melanocytic choroidal tumours assessed with MOLES when using Optos ultra-widefield fundus images diameter and OCT to measure tumour diameter and thickness, respectively, required a change in management from a reduction in MOLES score from 1 to 0. Discussion/Conclusion: This study suggests that the MOLES category for size is influenced more by the tumour diameter, if it can be measured accurately, than by the thickness. This study suggests ignoring tumour thickness if this cannot be measured accurately with OCT, unless the tumour has a mushroom shape.

Type: Article
Title: Is tumour thickness measurement required for MOLES scoring of melanocytic choroidal tumours?
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1159/000529862
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1159/000529862
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Choroidal naevus, choroidal melanoma, MOLES score, tumor thickness
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10168656
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