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Visuomotor association orthogonalizes visual cortical population codes

Failor, Samuel; Carandini, Matteo; Harris, Kenneth; (2022) Visuomotor association orthogonalizes visual cortical population codes. bioRxiv: Cold Spring Harbor, NY, USA. Green open access

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Abstract

The brain should be best able to associate distinct behavioral responses to sensory stimuli if these stimuli evoke population firing patterns that are close to orthogonal. To investigate whether task training orthogonalizes population codes in primary visual cortex (V1), we measured the orientation tuning of 4,000-neuron populations in mouse V1 before and after training on a visuomotor task. The effect of task training on population codes could be captured by a simple mathematical transformation of firing rates, which suppressed responses to motor-associated stimuli, but only in cells responding to them at intermediate levels. This transformation orthogonalized the representations of the task orientations by sparsening the population responses to these stimuli. The strength of response transformation varied from trial to trial, suggesting a dynamic circuit mechanism rather than static synaptic plasticity. These results indicate a simple process by which visuomotor associations orthogonalize population codes as early as in primary visual cortex.

Type: Working / discussion paper
Title: Visuomotor association orthogonalizes visual cortical population codes
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1101/2021.05.23.445338
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.05.23.445338
Language: English
Additional information: The copyright holder for this preprint is the author/funder, who has granted bioRxiv a license to display the preprint in perpetuity. It is made available under a CC-BY 4.0 International license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10168086
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