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Premature atrial and ventricular contractions detected on wearable-format electrocardiograms and prediction of cardiovascular events

Orini, Michele; van Duijvenboden, Stefan; Young, William J; Ramírez, Julia; Jones, Aled R; Tinker, Andrew; Munroe, Patricia B; (2023) Premature atrial and ventricular contractions detected on wearable-format electrocardiograms and prediction of cardiovascular events. European Heart Journal Digital Health , 4 (2) pp. 112-118. 10.1093/ehjdh/ztad007. Green open access

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Abstract

AIMS: Wearable devices are transforming the electrocardiogram (ECG) into a ubiquitous medical test. This study assesses the association between premature ventricular and atrial contractions (PVCs and PACs) detected on wearable-format ECGs (15 s single lead) and cardiovascular outcomes in individuals without cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Premature atrial contractions and PVCs were identified in 15 s single-lead ECGs from N = 54 016 UK Biobank participants (median age, interquartile range, age 58, 50-63 years, 54% female). Cox regression models adjusted for traditional risk factors were used to determine associations with atrial fibrillation (AF), heart failure (HF), myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias (LTVAs), and mortality over a period of 11.5 (11.4-11.7) years. The strongest associations were found between PVCs (prevalence 2.2%) and HF (hazard ratio, HR, 95% confidence interval = 2.09, 1.58-2.78) and between PACs (prevalence 1.9%) and AF (HR = 2.52, 2.11-3.01), with shorter prematurity further increasing risk. Premature ventricular contractions and PACs were also associated with LTVA (P < 0.05). Associations with MI, stroke, and mortality were significant only in unadjusted models. In a separate UK Biobank sub-study sample [UKB-2, N = 29,324, age 64, 58-60 years, 54% female, follow-up 3.5 (2.6-4.8) years] used for independent validation, after adjusting for risk factors, PACs were associated with AF (HR = 1.80, 1.12-2.89) and PVCs with HF (HR = 2.32, 1.28-4.22). CONCLUSION: In middle-aged individuals without CVD, premature contractions identified in 15 s single-lead ECGs are strongly associated with an increased risk of AF and HF. These data warrant further investigation to assess the role of wearable ECGs for early cardiovascular risk stratification.

Type: Article
Title: Premature atrial and ventricular contractions detected on wearable-format electrocardiograms and prediction of cardiovascular events
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/ehjdh/ztad007
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/ehjdh/ztad007
Language: English
Additional information: © The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Wearable ECG, Premature contractions, Arrhythmias, Heart failure, Atrial fibrillation
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine > MRC Unit for Lifelong Hlth and Ageing
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10168003
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