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Impact of Rubin Observatory Cadence Choices on Supernovae Photometric Classification

Alves, CS; Peiris, HV; Lochner, M; McEwen, JD; Kessler, R; (2023) Impact of Rubin Observatory Cadence Choices on Supernovae Photometric Classification. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series , 265 (2) , Article 43. 10.3847/1538-4365/acbb09. Green open access

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Abstract

The Vera C. Rubin Observatory’s Legacy Survey of Space and Time (LSST) will discover an unprecedented number of supernovae (SNe), making spectroscopic classification for all the events infeasible. LSST will thus rely on photometric classification, whose accuracy depends on the not-yet-finalized LSST observing strategy. In this work, we analyze the impact of cadence choices on classification performance using simulated multiband light curves. First, we simulate SNe with an LSST baseline cadence, a nonrolling cadence, and a presto-color cadence, which observes each sky location three times per night instead of twice. Each simulated data set includes a spectroscopically confirmed training set, which we augment to be representative of the test set as part of the classification pipeline. Then we use the photometric transient classification library snmachine to build classifiers. We find that the active region of the rolling cadence used in the baseline observing strategy yields a 25% improvement in classification performance relative to the background region. This improvement in performance in the actively rolling region is also associated with an increase of up to a factor of 2.7 in the number of cosmologically useful Type Ia SNe relative to the background region. However, adding a third visit per night as implemented in presto-color degrades classification performance due to more irregularly sampled light curves. Overall, our results establish desiderata on the observing cadence related to classification of full SNe light curves, which in turn impacts photometric SNe cosmology with LSST.

Type: Article
Title: Impact of Rubin Observatory Cadence Choices on Supernovae Photometric Classification
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3847/1538-4365/acbb09
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4365/acbb09
Language: English
Additional information: Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Physics and Astronomy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Space and Climate Physics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10167957
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