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Post-marital residence patterns and the timing of reproduction: evidence from a matrilineal society

Du, Juan; Huang, Yaming; Bai, Peng-Peng; Zhou, Liqiong; Myers, Sarah; Page, Abigail E; Mace, Ruth; (2023) Post-marital residence patterns and the timing of reproduction: evidence from a matrilineal society. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences , 290 (1995) , Article 20230159. 10.1098/rspb.2023.0159. Green open access

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Abstract

Humans exhibit a broad range of post-marital residence patterns and there is growing recognition that post-marital residence predicts women's reproductive success; however, the nature of the relationship is probably dependent on whether co-resident kin are cooperators or competitors. Here, we explore this relationship in a Tibetan population, where couples practice a mixture of post-marital residence patterns, co-residing in the same village with the wife's parents, the husband's parents or endogamously with both sets of parents. Using detailed demographic data from 17 villages we find that women who live with only their own parents have an earlier age at first birth (AFB) and age at last birth (ALB) than women who live with only their parents-in-law. Women who co-reside with both sets of parents have the earliest AFB and ALB. However, those with co-resident older siblings postponed reproduction, suggestive of competition-related delay. Shifts to earlier reproductive timing were also observed in relation to the imposition of family planning policies, in line with Fisherian expectations. Our study provides evidence of the costs and benefits to women's direct fitness of co-residing with different kin, against a backdrop of adaptive responses to cultural constraints on completed fertility.

Type: Article
Title: Post-marital residence patterns and the timing of reproduction: evidence from a matrilineal society
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2023.0159
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2023.0159
Language: English
Additional information: © 2023 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.
Keywords: age at first birth, age at last birth, post-marital residence, reproductive success, Female, Humans, Socioeconomic Factors, Family Characteristics, Marriage, Reproduction, Fertility
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Anthropology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10167497
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