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Bio-inspired mechanically robust superhydrophobic polypropylene surfaces embedded with silicon carbide whiskers for enhancing bactericidal performance

Lai, J; Chen, A; Li, J; Pei, Y; Naghavi, SA; Lei, C; Liu, C; (2023) Bio-inspired mechanically robust superhydrophobic polypropylene surfaces embedded with silicon carbide whiskers for enhancing bactericidal performance. Journal of Materials Research and Technology , 23 pp. 998-1012. 10.1016/j.jmrt.2023.01.069. Green open access

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Abstract

The risk of spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria leads to the growth of implant-associated infection, necessitating the large-scale fabrication of antibacterial materials. The successfully synthetic superhydrophobic and bactericidal materials without durable surfaces are easy to destroy and so difficult to use in a large-scale production in terms of manufacturing costs in performing experiments and processes. In this work, two kinds of microfeatured sieves dipped with high length-diameter ratio silicon carbide whiskers (SiCw) are used as templates for the fabrication of micropillared polypropylene (PP) surfaces embedded with nanospiked SiCw exposed in different postures of standing via a simple low-cost micro-compression molding method. The standing SiCw nanospikes endow the micropillared PP surfaces with a high contact angle (CA) of 153.9° decreased by less than 8° after a wear distance of 1500 mm, exhibiting robust antiwetting and antifriction properties. Further, the nanospiked micropillared PP surfaces exhibit extremely low adhesion and moderate antibacterial efficacy. The micro-/nanoconstructed PP surfaces is expected to approach towards large-scale industrial production for biomedical applications.

Type: Article
Title: Bio-inspired mechanically robust superhydrophobic polypropylene surfaces embedded with silicon carbide whiskers for enhancing bactericidal performance
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2023.01.069
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2023.01.069
Language: English
Additional information: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Superhydrophobic surfaces, Hierarchical structure, Mechanical robustness, Antibacterial activity, Compression molding
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10167343
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