UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Cytosine deaminase base editing to restore COL7A1 in dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa human:murine skin model

Naso, G; Gkazi, SA; Georgiadis, C; Jayarajan, V; Jacków, J; Fleck, R; Allison, L; ... Qasim, W; + view all (2023) Cytosine deaminase base editing to restore COL7A1 in dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa human:murine skin model. JID Innovations , Article 100191. 10.1016/j.xjidi.2023.100191. (In press). Green open access

[thumbnail of 1-s2.0-S2667026723000139-main.pdf]
Preview
Text
1-s2.0-S2667026723000139-main.pdf - Other

Download (9MB) | Preview

Abstract

Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) is a debilitating blistering skin disorder caused by loss-of-function mutations in COL7A1 encoding type VII collagen (C7), the main component of anchoring fibrils (AFs) at the dermal-epidermal junction (DEJ). Although conventional gene therapy approaches through viral vectors have been tested in pre-clinical and clinical trials, they are limited by transgene size constraints and only support unregulated gene expression. Genome editing could potentially overcome some of these limitations, and CRISPR/Cas9 has already been applied in research studies to restore COL7A1 expression. Delivery of suitable repair templates for repair of DNA cleaved by Cas9 is still major challenge, and alternative base editing strategies may offer corrective solutions for certain mutations. We demonstrate highly targeted and efficient cytidine deamination and molecular correction of a defined RDEB mutation (c.425A>G) leading to restoration of full-length C7 protein expression in primary human fibroblasts and iPSCs. C7 basement membrane expression and skin architecture were restored with de novo AFs identified by electron microscopy in base edited human RDEB grafts recovered from immunodeficient mice. The results demonstrate the potential and promise of emerging base editing technologies in tackling inherited disorders with well-defined single nucleotide mutations.

Type: Article
Title: Cytosine deaminase base editing to restore COL7A1 in dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa human:murine skin model
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.xjidi.2023.100191
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xjidi.2023.100191
Language: English
Additional information: © 2021 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Infection, Immunity and Inflammation Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10167226
Downloads since deposit
77Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item