UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

DEEP MOVEMENT: Deep learning of movie files for management of endovascular thrombectomy

Kelly, B; Martinez, M; Do, H; Hayden, J; Huang, Y; Yedavalli, V; Ho, C; ... Lee, EH; + view all (2023) DEEP MOVEMENT: Deep learning of movie files for management of endovascular thrombectomy. European Radiology 10.1007/s00330-023-09478-3. (In press). Green open access

[thumbnail of s00330-023-09478-3.pdf]
Preview
Text
s00330-023-09478-3.pdf - Published Version

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Objectives: Treatment and outcomes of acute stroke have been revolutionised by mechanical thrombectomy. Deep learning has shown great promise in diagnostics but applications in video and interventional radiology lag behind. We aimed to develop a model that takes as input digital subtraction angiography (DSA) videos and classifies the video according to (1) the presence of large vessel occlusion (LVO), (2) the location of the occlusion, and (3) the efficacy of reperfusion. / Methods: All patients who underwent DSA for anterior circulation acute ischaemic stroke between 2012 and 2019 were included. Consecutive normal studies were included to balance classes. An external validation (EV) dataset was collected from another institution. The trained model was also used on DSA videos post mechanical thrombectomy to assess thrombectomy efficacy. / Results: In total, 1024 videos comprising 287 patients were included (44 for EV). Occlusion identification was achieved with 100% sensitivity and 91.67% specificity (EV 91.30% and 81.82%). Accuracy of location classification was 71% for ICA, 84% for M1, and 78% for M2 occlusions (EV 73, 25, and 50%). For post-thrombectomy DSA (n = 194), the model identified successful reperfusion with 100%, 88%, and 35% for ICA, M1, and M2 occlusion (EV 89, 88, and 60%). The model could also perform classification of post-intervention videos as mTICI < 3 with an AUC of 0.71. / Conclusions: Our model can successfully identify normal DSA studies from those with LVO and classify thrombectomy outcome and solve a clinical radiology problem with two temporal elements (dynamic video and pre and post intervention). / Key Points: • DEEP MOVEMENT represents a novel application of a model applied to acute stroke imaging to handle two types of temporal complexity, dynamic video and pre and post intervention. • The model takes as an input digital subtraction angiograms of the anterior cerebral circulation and classifies according to (1) the presence or absence of large vessel occlusion, (2) the location of the occlusion, and (3) the efficacy of thrombectomy. • Potential clinical utility lies in providing decision support via rapid interpretation (pre thrombectomy) and automated objective gradation of thrombectomy outcomes (post thrombectomy).

Type: Article
Title: DEEP MOVEMENT: Deep learning of movie files for management of endovascular thrombectomy
Location: Germany
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00330-023-09478-3
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-023-09478-3
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Keywords: Angiography, Deep learning, Radiology, Stroke, Thrombectomy
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10167199
Downloads since deposit
19Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item