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Understanding and predicting cadence effects in the characterization of exoplanet transits

Hernandez Camero, Julio; Ho, Cynthia SK; Van Eylen, Vincent; (2023) Understanding and predicting cadence effects in the characterization of exoplanet transits. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society , 520 (3) pp. 4103-4117. 10.1093/mnras/stad408. Green open access

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Abstract

We investigate the effect of observing cadence on the precision of radius ratio values obtained from transit light curves by performing uniform Markov chain Monte Carlo fits of 46 exoplanets observed by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) in multiple cadences. We find median improvements of almost 50 per cent when comparing fits to 20 and 120 s cadence light curves to 1800 s cadence light curves, and of 37 per cent when comparing 600 s cadence to 1800 s cadence. Such improvements in radius precision are important, for example, to precisely constrain the properties of the radius valley or to characterize exoplanet atmospheres. We also implement a numerical information analysis to predict the precision of parameter estimates for different observing cadences. We tested this analysis on our sample and found that it reliably predicts the effect of shortening observing cadence with errors in the predicted percentage precision of $\lesssim0.5~{{\ \rm per\ cent}}$ for most cases. We apply this method to 157 TESS objects of interest that have only been observed with 1800 s cadence to predict the precision improvement that could be obtained by reobservations with shorter cadences and provide the full table of expected improvements. We report the 10 planet candidates that would benefit the most from reobservations at short cadence. Our implementation of the information analysis for the prediction of the precision of exoplanet parameters, Prediction of Exoplanet Precisions using Information in Transit Analysis, is made publicly available.

Type: Article
Title: Understanding and predicting cadence effects in the characterization of exoplanet transits
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stad408
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stad408
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Methods: numerical, methods: observational, planets and satellites: detection, planets and satellites: general
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Physics and Astronomy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Space and Climate Physics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10167130
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