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Parent-led massage and sleep EEG for term-born infants: A randomized controlled parallel-group study

Ventura, Soraia; Mathieson, Sean R; O'Sullivan, Marc P; O'Toole, John M; Livingstone, Vicki; Pressler, Ronit M; Dempsey, Eugene M; ... Boylan, Geraldine B; + view all (2023) Parent-led massage and sleep EEG for term-born infants: A randomized controlled parallel-group study. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology (DMCN) 10.1111/dmcn.15565. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

AIM: To examine the impact of parent-led massage on the sleep electroencephalogram (EEG) features of typically developing term-born infants at 4 months. METHOD: Infants recruited at birth were randomized to intervention (routine parent-led massage) and control groups. Infants had a daytime sleep EEG at 4 months and were assessed using the Griffiths Scales of Child Development, Third Edition at 4 and 18 months. Comparative analysis between groups and subgroup analysis between regularly massaged and never-massaged infants were performed. Groups were compared for sleep stage, sleep spindles, quantitative EEG (primary analysis), and Griffiths using the Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: In total, 179 out of 182 infants (intervention: 83 out of 84; control: 96 out of 98) had a normal sleep EEG. Median (interquartile range) sleep duration was 49.8 minutes (39.1-71.4) (n = 156). A complete first sleep cycle was seen in 67 out of 83 (81%) and 72 out of 96 (75%) in the intervention and control groups respectively. Groups did not differ in sleep stage durations, latencies to sleep and to rapid eye movement sleep. Sleep spindle spectral power was greater in the intervention group in main and subgroup analyses. The intervention group showed greater EEG magnitudes, and lower interhemispherical coherence on subgroup analyses. Griffiths assessments at 4 months (n = 179) and 18 months (n = 173) showed no group differences in the main and subgroup analyses. INTERPRETATION: Routine massage is associated with distinct functional brain changes at 4 months.

Type: Article
Title: Parent-led massage and sleep EEG for term-born infants: A randomized controlled parallel-group study
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/dmcn.15565
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.15565
Language: English
Additional information: © 2023 The Authors. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Mac Keith Press. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL EGA Institute for Womens Health > Neonatology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Developmental Neurosciences Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10166909
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