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Electrosprayed Particles Loaded with Kartogenin as a Potential Osteochondral Repair Implant

Gurgul, Sebastian J; Moreira, Anabela; Xiao, Yi; Varma, Swastina Nath; Liu, Chaozong; Costa, Pedro F; Williams, Gareth R; (2023) Electrosprayed Particles Loaded with Kartogenin as a Potential Osteochondral Repair Implant. Polymers , 15 (5) , Article 1275. 10.3390/polym15051275. Green open access

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Abstract

The restoration of cartilage damage is a slow and not always successful process. Kartogenin (KGN) has significant potential in this space—it is able to induce the chondrogenic differentiation of stem cells and protect articular chondrocytes. In this work, a series of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-based particles loaded with KGN were successfully electrosprayed. In this family of materials, PLGA was blended with a hydrophilic polymer (either polyethyleneglycol (PEG) or polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)) to control the release rate. Spherical particles with sizes in the range of 2.4–4.1 µm were fabricated. They were found to comprise amorphous solid dispersions, with high entrapment efficiencies of >93%. The various blends of polymers had a range of release profiles. The PLGA-KGN particles displayed the slowest release rate, and blending with PVP or PEG led to faster release profiles, with most systems giving a high burst release in the first 24 h. The range of release profiles observed offers the potential to provide a precisely tailored profile via preparing physical mixtures of the materials. The formulations are highly cytocompatible with primary human osteoblasts.

Type: Article
Title: Electrosprayed Particles Loaded with Kartogenin as a Potential Osteochondral Repair Implant
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/polym15051275
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/polym15051275
Language: English
Additional information: © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: restorative medicine; bone repair; kartogenin; electrospraying; human osteoblasts
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10166013
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