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Cardiac abnormalities in Long COVID 1-year post-SARS-CoV-2 infection

Fernandez, Adriana Roca; Wamil, Malgorzata; Telford, Alison; Carapella, Valentina; Borlotti, Alessandra; Monteiro, David; Thomaides-Brears, Helena; ... Banerjee, Amitava; + view all (2023) Cardiac abnormalities in Long COVID 1-year post-SARS-CoV-2 infection. Open Heart , 10 (1) , Article e002241. 10.1136/openhrt-2022-002241. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Long COVID is associated with multiple symptoms and impairment in multiple organs. Cross-sectional studies have reported cardiac impairment to varying degrees by varying methodologies. Using cardiac MR (CMR), we investigated a 12-month trajectory of abnormalities in Long COVID. OBJECTIVES: To investigate cardiac abnormalities 1-year post-SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODS: 534 individuals with Long COVID underwent CMR (T1/T2 mapping, cardiac mass, volumes, function and strain) and multiorgan MRI at 6 months (IQR 4.3-7.3) since first post-COVID-19 symptoms. 330 were rescanned at 12.6 (IQR 11.4-14.2) months if abnormal baseline findings were reported. Symptoms, questionnaires and blood samples were collected at both time points. CMR abnormalities were defined as ≥1 of low left or right ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), high left or right ventricular end diastolic volume, low 3D left ventricular global longitudinal strain (GLS), or elevated native T1 in ≥3 cardiac segments. Significant change over time was reported by comparison with 92 healthy controls. RESULTS: Technical success of multiorgan and CMR assessment in non-acute settings was 99.1% and 99.6% at baseline, and 98.3% and 98.8% at follow-up. Of individuals with Long COVID, 102/534 (19%) had CMR abnormalities at baseline; 71/102 had complete paired data at 12 months. Of those, 58% presented with ongoing CMR abnormalities at 12 months. High sensitivity cardiac troponin I and B-type natriuretic peptide were not predictive of CMR findings, symptoms or clinical outcomes. At baseline, low LVEF was associated with persistent CMR abnormality, abnormal GLS associated with low quality of life and abnormal T1 in at least three segments was associated with better clinical outcomes at 12 months. CONCLUSION: CMR abnormalities (left entricular or right ventricular dysfunction/dilatation and/or abnormal T1mapping), occurred in one in five individuals with Long COVID at 6 months, persisting in over half of those at 12 months. Cardiac-related blood biomarkers could not identify CMR abnormalities in Long COVID. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04369807.

Type: Article
Title: Cardiac abnormalities in Long COVID 1-year post-SARS-CoV-2 infection
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/openhrt-2022-002241
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/openhrt-2022-002241
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third-party material in this article are included in the Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: COVID-19, EPIDEMIOLOGY, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Myocarditis
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Health Informatics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10165652
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