UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Multistage Reconnection Powering a Solar Coronal Jet

Long, DM; Chitta, LP; Baker, D; Hannah, IG; Ngampoopun, N; Berghmans, D; Zhukov, AN; (2023) Multistage Reconnection Powering a Solar Coronal Jet. Astrophysical Journal , 944 (1) , Article 19. 10.3847/1538-4357/acb0c9. Green open access

[thumbnail of Long_2023_ApJ_944_19.pdf]
Long_2023_ApJ_944_19.pdf - Published Version

Download (2MB) | Preview


Coronal jets are short-lived eruptive features commonly observed in polar coronal holes and are thought to play a key role in the transfer of mass and energy into the solar corona. We describe unique contemporaneous observations of a coronal blowout jet seen by the Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) on board the Solar Orbiter (SO) spacecraft and the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). The coronal jet erupted from the south polar coronal hole, and was observed with high spatial and temporal resolution by both instruments. This enabled identification of the different stages of a breakout reconnection process producing the observed jet. We find bulk plasma flow kinematics of ∼100-200 km s−1 across the lifetime of its observed propagation, with a distinct kink in the jet where it impacted and was subsequently guided by a nearby polar plume. We also identify a faint faster feature ahead of the bulk plasma motion propagating with a velocity of ∼715 km s−1, which we attribute to untwisting of newly reconnected field lines during the eruption. A differential emission measure (DEM) analysis using the SDO/AIA observations revealed a very weak jet signal, indicating that the erupting material was likely much cooler than the coronal passbands used to derive the DEM. This is consistent with the very bright appearance of the jet in the Lyα passband observed by SO/EUI. The DEM was used to estimate the radiative thermal energy of the source region of the coronal jet, finding a value of ∼2 × 1024 erg, comparable to the energy of a nanoflare.

Type: Article
Title: Multistage Reconnection Powering a Solar Coronal Jet
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/acb0c9
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/acb0c9
Language: English
Additional information: Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Space and Climate Physics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10165383
Downloads since deposit
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item