UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Penicillin Binding Protein Substitutions Co-occur with Fluoroquinolone Resistance in ‘Epidemic’ Lineages of Multi Drug-Resistant Clostridioides difficile

Dingle, Kate E; Freeman, Jane; Didelot, Xavier; Quan, T Phuong; Eyre, David W; Swann, Jeremy; Spittal, William; ... Crook, Derrick; + view all (2023) Penicillin Binding Protein Substitutions Co-occur with Fluoroquinolone Resistance in ‘Epidemic’ Lineages of Multi Drug-Resistant Clostridioides difficile. mBio , 14 (2) 10.1128/mbio.00243-23. Green open access

[thumbnail of Walker_mbio.00243-23.pdf]
Preview
Text
Walker_mbio.00243-23.pdf

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Clostridioides difficile remains a key cause of healthcare-associated infection, with multidrug-resistant (MDR) lineages causing high-mortality (≥20%) outbreaks. Cephalosporin treatment is a long-established risk factor, and antimicrobial stewardship is a key control. A mechanism underlying raised cephalosporin MICs has not been identified in C. difficile, but among other species, this is often acquired via amino acid substitutions in cell wall transpeptidases (penicillin binding proteins [PBPs]). Here, we investigated five C. difficile transpeptidases (PBP1 to PBP5) for recent substitutions, associated cephalosporin MICs, and co-occurrence with fluoroquinolone resistance. Previously published genome assemblies (n = 7,096) were obtained, representing 16 geographically widespread lineages, including healthcare-associated ST1(027). Recent amino acid substitutions were found within PBP1 (n = 50) and PBP3 (n = 48), ranging from 1 to 10 substitutions per genome. β-Lactam MICs were measured for closely related pairs of wild-type and PBP-substituted isolates separated by 20 to 273 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Recombination-corrected phylogenies were constructed to date substitution acquisition. Key substitutions such as PBP3 V497L and PBP1 T674I/N/V emerged independently across multiple lineages. They were associated with extremely high cephalosporin MICs; 1 to 4 doubling dilutions >wild-type, up to 1,506 μg/mL. Substitution patterns varied by lineage and clade, showed geographic structure, and occurred post-1990, coincident with the gyrA and/or gyrB substitutions conferring fluoroquinolone resistance. In conclusion, recent PBP1 and PBP3 substitutions are associated with raised cephalosporin MICs in C. difficile. Their co-occurrence with fluoroquinolone resistance hinders attempts to understand the relative importance of these drugs in the dissemination of epidemic lineages. Further controlled studies of cephalosporin and fluoroquinolone stewardship are needed to determine their relative effectiveness in outbreak control.

Type: Article
Title: Penicillin Binding Protein Substitutions Co-occur with Fluoroquinolone Resistance in ‘Epidemic’ Lineages of Multi Drug-Resistant Clostridioides difficile
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1128/mbio.00243-23
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1128/mbio.00243-23
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2023 Dingle et al. This is an openaccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology > MRC Clinical Trials Unit at UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10164596
Downloads since deposit
13Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item