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Documenting Anti-colonial Social Movements in Early 1970s Hong Kong with 16mm

Cunliffe, Tom; (2023) Documenting Anti-colonial Social Movements in Early 1970s Hong Kong with 16mm. JCMS: Journal of Cinema and Media Studies , 62 (2) pp. 172-176. 10.1353/cj.2023.0013. Green open access

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Abstract

In early 1970s Hong Kong, independently made documentaries were rare. Conventional film distribution channels, which opened doors to public screenings, were closed off to independent filmmakers, and financing was difficult for any filmmaker not backed by a big studio.1 Furthermore, the colonial film censors would ban or censor material they deemed critical of the state; anti-colonial sentiments were especially unwelcome. Into this treacherous terrain stepped the social activists Ng Chun-Yin and Mok Chiu-yu, co-editors of the radical internationalist left-wing The 70’s Biweekly (70年代雙週刊), a bilingual periodical published in Hong Kong that focused on political issues, social movements, and art.2 The 70’s Biweekly’s writers connected various socio-political struggles and problems in their magazine, including global issues of civil rights, feminism, poverty, and the severe, local injustices of the colonial regime.3 In 1971, Ng and Mok decided to extend their publishing project to include filmmaking. [End Page 172] They raised money to make a 16mm documentary titled Xianggang baowei diaoyutai shiwei shijian (Protect Diaoyutai movement, Hong Kong Defend Diaoyutai Provisional Action Committee, 1971), which focused on the protests taking place in support of decolonizing the Diaoyu Islands, sometimes known as the Defend Diaoyutai Movement.4

Type: Article
Title: Documenting Anti-colonial Social Movements in Early 1970s Hong Kong with 16mm
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1353/cj.2023.0013
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1353/cj.2023.0013
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher's terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities > SELCS
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10164024
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