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Management of Fibro-adipose Vascular Anomalies (FAVA) in Paediatric Practice

Lipede, C; Nikkhah, D; Ashton, R; Murphy, G; Barnacle, AM; Patel, PA; Smith, GD; ... Sivakumar, B; + view all (2021) Management of Fibro-adipose Vascular Anomalies (FAVA) in Paediatric Practice. JPRAS Open , 29 pp. 71-81. 10.1016/j.jpra.2021.05.002. Green open access

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Abstract

Fibro-adipose vascular anomaly (FAVA) is a discrete type of vascular anomaly. We describe our experience managing FAVA at a tertiary level paediatric hospital and offer a treatment algorithm. METHODS: A retrospective review of 27 patients with proven FAVA was undertaken. All patients had undergone MRI and USS evaluation. Patient demographics, presenting concerns, treatment methods, and outcomes were recorded and evaluation with the paediatric outcomes data collection instrument (PODCI) completed a minimum of 12 months after definitive treatment. RESULTS: Mean age at presentation was 8.9 years (range: 9 m-17.4 y) and mean post-treatment follow-up was 7.4 y (range: 2 y-11.6 y). Twenty of 27 lesions affected the lower limb. Severe neurogenic-type pain was present in 23 cases and contractures across joints in 11 cases. Sclerotherapy with sodium tetradecyl sulphate was used in 11 cases, with no improvement in symptoms. Cryoablation provided pain relief in 3/4 cases, but contracture subsequently increased in one patient and pain recurred in another. Fourteen cases underwent surgery (four surgical excisions alone, 10 in combination with other procedures). Three patients required four further surgical procedures that include one amputation for intractable pain and poor function. PODCI evaluations suggest overall good function, with surgical management and interventional radiology that provide comparable results. Surgery did correct deformity. CONCLUSION: If conservative measures or cryoablation fail to achieve symptomatic control, surgical excision should be considered, combined with adjunctive procedures, to correct contractures and balance muscle forces. Relief of pain may compensate for the loss of muscle mass and overall improves function. Multidisciplinary team working is essential.

Type: Article
Title: Management of Fibro-adipose Vascular Anomalies (FAVA) in Paediatric Practice
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpra.2021.05.002
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpra.2021.05.002
Language: English
Additional information: Crown Copyright © 2021 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Keywords: FAVA, fibroadipose vascular anomaly, outcomes, paediatric, treatment
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Surgical Biotechnology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10163796
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