UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Circulating c-Met-Expressing Memory T Cells Define Cardiac Autoimmunity

Fanti, Silvia; Stephenson, Edward; Rocha-Vieira, Etel; Protonotarios, Alexandros; Kanoni, Stavroula; Shahaj, Eriomina; Paula Longhi, M; ... Marelli-Berg, Federica M; + view all (2022) Circulating c-Met-Expressing Memory T Cells Define Cardiac Autoimmunity. Circulation , 146 (25) pp. 1930-1945. 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.121.055610. Green open access

[thumbnail of CIRCULATIONAHA.121.055610.pdf]
Preview
Text
CIRCULATIONAHA.121.055610.pdf - Published Version

Download (3MB) | Preview

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Autoimmunity is increasingly recognized as a key contributing factor in heart muscle diseases. The functional features of cardiac autoimmunity in humans remain undefined because of the challenge of studying immune responses in situ. We previously described a subset of c-mesenchymal epithelial transition factor (c-Met)-expressing (c-Met+) memory T lymphocytes that preferentially migrate to cardiac tissue in mice and humans. METHODS: In-depth phenotyping of peripheral blood T cells, including c-Met+ T cells, was undertaken in groups of patients with inflammatory and noninflammatory cardiomyopathies, patients with noncardiac autoimmunity, and healthy controls. Validation studies were carried out using human cardiac tissue and in an experimental model of cardiac inflammation. RESULTS: We show that c-Met+ T cells are selectively increased in the circulation and in the myocardium of patients with inflammatory cardiomyopathies. The phenotype and function of c-Met+ T cells are distinct from those of c-Met-negative (c-Met-) T cells, including preferential proliferation to cardiac myosin and coproduction of multiple cytokines (interleukin-4, interleukin-17, and interleukin-22). Furthermore, circulating c-Met+ T cell subpopulations in different heart muscle diseases identify distinct and overlapping mechanisms of heart inflammation. In experimental autoimmune myocarditis, elevations in autoantigen-specific c-Met+ T cells in peripheral blood mark the loss of immune tolerance to the heart. Disease development can be halted by pharmacologic c-Met inhibition, indicating a causative role for c-Met+ T cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that the detection of circulating c-Met+ T cells may have use in the diagnosis and monitoring of adaptive cardiac inflammation and definition of new targets for therapeutic intervention when cardiac autoimmunity causes or contributes to progressive cardiac injury.

Type: Article
Title: Circulating c-Met-Expressing Memory T Cells Define Cardiac Autoimmunity
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.121.055610
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.121.055610
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 The Authors. Circulation is published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited, the use is noncommercial, and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Keywords: Cardiac myosins, cardiomyopathies, heart, hepatocyte growth factor, humans, inflammation, mice, myocarditis, therapeutics, T-lymphocytes
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10163433
Downloads since deposit
46Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item