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Assessing changes in neighbourhood satisfaction among older age adults in England using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing

Sait, Nilofer; Jivraj, Stephen; (2022) Assessing changes in neighbourhood satisfaction among older age adults in England using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Wellbeing, Space and Society , 3 , Article 100107. 10.1016/j.wss.2022.100107. Green open access

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Abstract

Scholars from a variety of disciplines have become interested in neighbourhood satisfaction as a gateway to understanding relationships between ‘neighbourhood factors’, ‘individual characteristics’ and ‘neighbourhood perceptions’ in shaping residents’ attitudes to their local area. As recent studies have emphasised, the global search for ‘age-friendly cities’ prompts exploration of the drivers of change in neighbourhood satisfaction that could be critical to delivering targeted policy interventions to help improve physical and mental health and subjective wellbeing of older age adults. This study uses a growth curve model to examine associations between change in neighbourhood satisfaction over time and factors such as neighbourhood deprivation, social engagement, relationship status, health and wellbeing and socioeconomic status using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, 2002-03 to 2014-15. The study finds, in line with previous empirical research, that neighbourhood deprivation is a key associate of neighbourhood satisfaction, but also the role of moving status, social activity, relationship status, quality of life, age, sex and country of birth are contributing factors. The findings suggest policymakers and public health professionals need to focus on a combination of short- and long-term, area-based and people-focused policies to address structural inequalities and deprivation to improve neighbourhood satisfaction. Policy interventions should especially focus on addressing the needs of vulnerable groups of older age adults including those who have recently moved, disengage with social activities, living alone, with lower levels of mental wellbeing, older, male, born abroad and living in areas of higher levels of neighbourhood deprivation.

Type: Article
Title: Assessing changes in neighbourhood satisfaction among older age adults in England using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.wss.2022.100107
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wss.2022.100107
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/bync-nd/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10163029
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