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Assessment of Physical/Mechanical Performance of Dental Resin Sealants Containing Sr-Bioactive Glass Nanoparticles and Calcium Phosphate

Panpisut, Piyaphong; Praesuwatsilp, Nannapat; Bawornworatham, Phubet; Naruphontjirakul, Parichart; Patntirapong, Somying; Young, Anne M; (2022) Assessment of Physical/Mechanical Performance of Dental Resin Sealants Containing Sr-Bioactive Glass Nanoparticles and Calcium Phosphate. Polymers , 14 (24) , Article 5436. 10.3390/polym14245436. Green open access

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the chemical/mechanical properties of ion-releasing dental sealants containing strontium-bioactive glass nanoparticles (Sr-BGNPs) and monocalcium phosphate monohydrate (MCPM). Two experimental sealants, TS1 (10 wt% Sr-BGNPs and 2 wt% MCPM) and TS2 (5 wt% Sr-BGNPs and 4 wt% MCPM), were prepared. Commercial controls were ClinproXT (CP) and BeautiSealant (BT). The monomer conversion (DC) was tested using ATR–FTIR (n = 5). The biaxial flexural strength (BFS) and modulus (BFM) were determined (n = 5) following 24 h and 7 days of immersion in water. The Vickers surface microhardness (SH) after 1 day in acetic acid (conc) versus water was tested (n = 5). The bulk and surface calcium phosphate precipitation in simulated body fluid was examined under SEM-EDX. The ion release at 4 weeks was analyzed using ICP-MS (n = 5). The DC after 40 s of light exposure of TS1 (43%) and TS2 (46%) was significantly lower than that of CP (58%) and BT (61%) (p < 0.05). The average BFS of TS1 (103 MPa), TS2 (123 MPa), and BT (94 MPa) were lower than that of CP (173 MPa). The average BFM and SH of TS1 (2.2 GPa, 19 VHN) and TS2 (2.0 GPa, 16 VHN) were higher than that of CP (1.6 GPa, 11 VHN) and BT (1.3 GPa, 12 VHN). TS1 showed higher Ca, P, and Sr release than TS2. Bulk calcium phosphate precipitation was detected on TS1 and TS2 suggesting some ion exchange. In conclusion, the DC of experimental sealants was lower than that of commercial materials, but their mechanical properties were within the acceptable ranges. The released ions may support remineralizing actions.

Type: Article
Title: Assessment of Physical/Mechanical Performance of Dental Resin Sealants Containing Sr-Bioactive Glass Nanoparticles and Calcium Phosphate
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/polym14245436
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14245436
Language: English
Additional information: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: Pit and fissure sealants; resin sealant; strontium; bioactive glass; monocalcium phosphate monohydrate; polymerization; biaxial flexural strength; calcium phosphate; mechanical properties
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Biomaterials and Tissue Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10162379
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