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Long-term survival and center volume for functionally single-ventricle congenital heart disease in England and Wales

Brown, Kate L; Huang, Qi; Hadjicosta, Elena; Seale, Anna N; Tsang, Victor; Anderson, David; Barron, David; ... Ridout, Deborah; + view all (2022) Long-term survival and center volume for functionally single-ventricle congenital heart disease in England and Wales. The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2022.11.018. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Long-term survival is an important metric for health care evaluation, especially in functionally single-ventricle (f-SV) congenital heart disease (CHD). This study's aim was to evaluate the relationship between center volume and long-term survival in f-SV CHD within the centralized health care service of England and Wales. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of children born with f-SV CHD between 2000 and 2018, using the national CHD procedure registry, with survival ascertained in 2020. RESULTS: Of 56,039 patients, 3293 (5.9%) had f-SV CHD. Median age at first intervention was 7 days (interquartile range [IQR], 4, 27), and median follow-up time was 7.6 years (IQR, 1.0, 13.3). The largest diagnostic subcategories were hypoplastic left heart syndrome, 1276 (38.8%); tricuspid atresia, 440 (13.4%); and double-inlet left ventricle, 322 (9.8%). The survival rate at 1 year and 5 years was 76.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 75.3%-78.2%) and 72.1% (95% CI, 70.6%-73.7%), respectively. The unadjusted hazard ratio for each 5 additional patients with f-SV starting treatment per center per year was 1.04 (95% CI, 1.02-1.06), P < .001. However, after adjustment for significant risk factors (diagnostic subcategory; antenatal diagnosis; younger age, low weight, acquired comorbidity, increased severity of illness at first procedure), the hazard ratio for f-SV center volume was 1.01 (95% CI, 0.99-1.04) P = .28. There was strong evidence that patients with more complex f-SV (hypoplastic left heart syndrome, Norwood pathway) were treated at centers with greater f-SV case volume (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: After adjustment for case mix, there was no evidence that f-SV center volume was linked to longer-term survival in the centralized health service provided by the 10 children's cardiac centers in England and Wales.

Type: Article
Title: Long-term survival and center volume for functionally single-ventricle congenital heart disease in England and Wales
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2022.11.018
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2022.11.018
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. This is an open access
Keywords: Fontan, congenital heart disease, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, outcomes
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Mathematics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Mathematics > Clinical Operational Research Unit
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Population, Policy and Practice Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10162167
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