UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Association between Conflict and Cholera in Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Charnley, GEC; Jean, K; Kelman, I; Gaythorpe, KAM; Murray, KA; (2022) Association between Conflict and Cholera in Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Emerging Infectious Diseases , 28 (12) pp. 2472-2481. 10.3201/eid2812.212398. Green open access

[thumbnail of Charnley et al. 2022 EID.pdf]
Preview
PDF
Charnley et al. 2022 EID.pdf - Published Version

Download (5MB) | Preview

Abstract

Cholera outbreaks contribute substantially to illness and death in low- and middle-income countries. Cholera outbreaks are associated with several social and environmental risk factors, and extreme conditions can act as catalysts. A social extreme known to be associated with infectious disease outbreaks is conflict, causing disruption to services, loss of income, and displacement. To determine the extent of this association, we used the self-controlled case-series method and found that conflict increased the risk for cholera in Nigeria by 3.6 times and in the Democratic Republic of the Congo by 2.6 times. We also found that 19.7% of cholera outbreaks in Nigeria and 12.3% of outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo were attributable to conflict. Our results highlight the value of providing rapid and sufficient assistance during conflict-associated cholera outbreaks and working toward conflict resolution and addressing preexisting vulnerabilities, such as poverty and access to healthcare.

Type: Article
Title: Association between Conflict and Cholera in Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3201/eid2812.212398
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2812.212398
Language: English
Additional information: © The Authors 2022. Original content in this paper is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Inst for Risk and Disaster Reduction
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10162065
Downloads since deposit
27Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item