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A Natural History Study of RP2-Related Retinopathy

Cheloni, Riccardo; Jackson, Daniel; Moosajee, Mariya; (2022) A Natural History Study of RP2-Related Retinopathy. Journal of Clinical Medicine , 11 (23) , Article 6877. 10.3390/jcm11236877. Green open access

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Abstract

X-linked retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a severe form of RP, often with early macular involvement. This study aimed to characterise the natural history of patients with a diagnosis of X-linked RP due to RP2 mutations. Clinical details, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and multimodal retinal imaging were retrospectively collected from patients with RP2 variants from Moorfields Eye Hospital (London, UK). Measures of the ellipsoid-zone (EZ) width, central retinal thickness (CRT), and thickness of the photoreceptor and retinal pigment epithelium complex (PR+RPE, taken between the external limiting membrane and RPE) were extracted from spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) scans. A total of 47 affected males (median baseline age: 20 years, IQR: 12.5–36.5) were included, and 41 had two or more visits (median follow-up: 8.0 years, IQR: 3.2–14.5). A total of 24 RP2 variants were identified, 13 of which were novel. BCVA dropped from 0.66 LogMAR at baseline (IQR, 0.35–1.4) to 1.3 LogMAR at the most recent visit (IQR: 0.6–1.4). SD-OCT revealed a prevalent outer retinal atrophy (n = 23/35, 65.7%), and measurable EZ width at baseline in 34.3% of patients (n = 12). Age significantly affected all quantitative measures (p < 0.001) except EZ width (p = 0.58), with exponential decays of 46–49% and 12.6–33.9% per decade for BCVA and SD-OCT measures, respectively. RP2 patients exhibited rapid progression to outer retina atrophy and early macular involvement with substantial vision loss by age 30–40.

Type: Article
Title: A Natural History Study of RP2-Related Retinopathy
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/jcm11236877
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11236877
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: retinitis pigmentosa; X-linked retinitis pigmentosa; RP2; inherited retinal diseases; natural history; genetic eye disease; optical coherence tomography; OCT
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10160805
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