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Examining the Effectiveness of Bilingual Subtitles for Comprehension: An Eye-Tracking Study

Wang, Andi; Pellicer Sanchez, Ana; (2022) Examining the Effectiveness of Bilingual Subtitles for Comprehension: An Eye-Tracking Study. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 10.1017/S0272263122000493. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

The present study examined the relative effectiveness of bilingual subtitles for L2 viewing comprehension, compared to other subtitling types. Learners’ allocation of attention to the image and subtitles/captions in different viewing conditions, as well as the relationship between attention and comprehension, were also investigated. One-hundred-and-twelve Chinese learners of English watched an English documentary clip in one of 4 conditions (bilingual subtitles, captions, L1 subtitles, no subtitles) while their eye movements were recorded. The results revealed that bilingual subtitles were as beneficial as L1 subtitles for comprehension, which both outscored captions and no subtitles. Participants using bilingual subtitles spent significantly more time processing L1 than L2 lines. L1 lines in bilingual subtitles were processed significantly longer than in L1 subtitles, but L2 lines were processed significantly shorter than in captions. No significant relationship was found between the processing time and comprehension for either the L1 or L2 lines of bilingual subtitles.

Type: Article
Title: Examining the Effectiveness of Bilingual Subtitles for Comprehension: An Eye-Tracking Study
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S0272263122000493
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263122000493
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: bilingual subtitles, captions, eye tracking, viewing
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Culture, Communication and Media
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10160760
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