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Cardiac Outcomes in Adults With Mitochondrial Diseases

Savvatis, K; Vissing, CR; Klouvi, L; Florian, A; Rahman, M; Béhin, A; Fayssoil, A; ... Wahbi, K; + view all (2022) Cardiac Outcomes in Adults With Mitochondrial Diseases. Journal of the American College of Cardiology , 80 (15) pp. 1421-1430. 10.1016/j.jacc.2022.08.716. Green open access

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Abstract

Background: Patients with mitochondrial diseases are at risk of heart failure (HF) and arrhythmic major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Objectives: We developed prediction models to estimate the risk of HF and arrhythmic MACE in this population. Methods: We determined the incidence and searched for predictors of HF and arrhythmic MACE using Cox regression in 600 adult patients from a multicenter registry with genetically confirmed mitochondrial diseases. Results: Over a median follow-up time of 6.67 years, 29 patients (4.9%) reached the HF endpoint, including 19 hospitalizations for nonterminal HF, 2 cardiac transplantations, and 8 deaths from HF. Thirty others (5.1%) reached the arrhythmic MACE, including 21 with third-degree or type II second-degree atrioventricular blocks, 4 with sinus node dysfunction, and 5 sudden cardiac deaths. Predictors of HF were the m.3243A>G variant (HR: 4.3; 95% CI: 1.8-10.1), conduction defects (HR: 3.0; 95% CI: 1.3-6.9), left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (HR: 2.6; 95% CI: 1.1-5.8), LV ejection fraction <50% (HR: 10.2; 95% CI: 4.6-22.3), and premature ventricular beats (HR: 4.1; 95% CI: 1.7-9.9). Independent predictors for arrhythmia were single, large-scale mtDNA deletions (HR: 4.3; 95% CI: 1.7-10.4), conduction defects (HR: 6.8; 95% CI: 3.0-15.4), and LV ejection fraction <50% (HR: 2.7; 95% CI: 1.1-7.1). C-indexes of the Cox regression models were 0.91 (95% CI: 0.88-0.95) and 0.80 (95% CI: 0.70-0.90) for the HF and arrhythmic MACE, respectively. Conclusions: We developed the first prediction models for HF and arrhythmic MACE in patients with mitochondrial diseases using genetic variant type and simple cardiac assessments.

Type: Article
Title: Cardiac Outcomes in Adults With Mitochondrial Diseases
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2022.08.716
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2022.08.716
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Cardiac & Cardiovascular Systems, Cardiovascular System & Cardiology, conduction disease, heart failure, m3243A > G, mitochondrial diseases, single large-scale deletions, sudden death, ASSOCIATION TASK-FORCE, KEARNS-SAYRE SYNDROME, AMERICAN-COLLEGE, DNA MUTATIONS, CARDIOMYOPATHY, INVOLVEMENT, COMMITTEE, ABNORMALITIES, PREVALENCE, CONDUCTION
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10160733
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