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Resonant metasurfaces for generating complex quantum states

Santiago-Cruz, Tomas; Gennaro, Sylvain D; Mitrofanov, Oleg; Addamane, Sadhvikas; Reno, John; Brener, Igal; Chekhova, Maria; (2022) Resonant metasurfaces for generating complex quantum states. Science , 377 (6609) pp. 991-995. 10.1126/science.abq8684. Green open access

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Quantum state engineering, the cornerstone of quantum photonic technologies, mainly relies on spontaneous parametric downconversion and four-wave mixing, where one or two pump photons spontaneously decay into a photon pair. Both of these nonlinear effects require momentum conservation for the participating photons, which strongly limits the versatility of the resulting quantum states. Nonlinear metasurfaces have subwavelength thickness and allow the relaxation of this constraint; when combined with resonances, they greatly expand the possibilities of quantum state engineering. Here, we generated entangled photons via spontaneous parametric downconversion in semiconductor metasurfaces with high-quality factor, quasi-bound state in the continuum resonances. By enhancing the quantum vacuum field, ourmetasurfaces boost the emission of nondegenerate entangled photons within multiple narrow resonance bands and over a wide spectral range. A single resonance or several resonances in the same sample, pumped at multiple wavelengths, can generate multifrequency quantum states, including cluster states. These features reveal metasurfaces as versatile sources of complex states for quantum information.

Type: Article
Title: Resonant metasurfaces for generating complex quantum states
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1126/science.abq8684
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.abq8684
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Multidisciplinary Sciences, Science & Technology - Other Topics
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10160550
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