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Juvenile idiopathic arthritis polygenic risk scores are associated with cardiovascular phenotypes in early adulthood: a phenome-wide association study

Clarke, Sarah LN; Jones, Hannah J; Sharp, Gemma C; Easey, Kayleigh E; Hughes, Alun D; Ramanan, Athimalaipet V; Relton, Caroline L; (2022) Juvenile idiopathic arthritis polygenic risk scores are associated with cardiovascular phenotypes in early adulthood: a phenome-wide association study. Pediatric Rheumatology , 20 , Article 105. 10.1186/s12969-022-00760-0. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is growing concern about the long-term cardiovascular health of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). In this study we assessed the association between JIA polygenic risk and cardiovascular phenotypes (cardiovascular risk factors, early atherosclerosis/arteriosclerosis markers, and cardiac structure and function measures) early in life. METHODS: JIA polygenic risk scores (PRSs) were constructed for 2,815 participants from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, using the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) weights from the most recent JIA genome wide association study. The association between JIA PRSs and cardiovascular phenotypes at age 24 years was assessed using linear and logistic regression. For outcomes with strong evidence of association, further analysis was undertaken to examine how early in life (from age seven onwards) these associations manifest. RESULTS: The JIA PRS was associated with diastolic blood pressure (β 0.062, 95% CI 0.026 to 0.099, P = 0.001), insulin (β 0.050, 95% CI 0.011 to 0.090, P = 0.013), insulin resistance index (HOMA2_IR, β 0.054, 95% CI 0.014 to 0.095, P = 0.009), log hsCRP (β 0.053, 95% CI 0.011 to 0.095, P = 0.014), waist circumference (β 0.041, 95% CI 0.007 to 0.075, P = 0.017), fat mass index (β 0.049, 95% CI 0.016 to 0.083, P = 0.004) and body mass index (β 0.046, 95% CI 0.011 to 0.081, P = 0.010). For anthropometric measures and diastolic blood pressure, there was suggestive evidence of association with JIA PRS from age seven years. The findings were consistent across multiple sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Genetic liability to JIA is associated with multiple cardiovascular risk factors, supporting the hypothesis of increased cardiovascular risk in JIA. Our findings suggest that cardiovascular risk is a core feature of JIA, rather than secondary to the disease activity/treatment, and that cardiovascular risk counselling should form part of patient care.

Type: Article
Title: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis polygenic risk scores are associated with cardiovascular phenotypes in early adulthood: a phenome-wide association study
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/s12969-022-00760-0
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12969-022-00760-0
Language: English
Additional information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
Keywords: ALSPAC, Cardiovascular, Genetics, Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Humans, Arthritis, Juvenile, Genome-Wide Association Study, Longitudinal Studies, Phenotype, Heart Disease Risk Factors
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Population Science and Experimental Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10160221
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